Assessing quality of life for adolescents in Taiwan.

Published on Feb 1, 2005in Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences3.351
· DOI :10.1111/J.1323-1316.2005.01306.X
Jong-Ling Fuh77
Estimated H-index: 77
Shuu-Jiun Wang81
Estimated H-index: 81
+ 1 AuthorsKai-Dih Juang21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Taipei Veterans General Hospital)
Abstract  This study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Taiwanese quality of life questionnaire for adolescents and the factors affecting the quality of life of Taiwanese adolescents. The survey involved 5538 junior high school students, aged 13–15 years. An initial 90-item questionnaire was shortened to 38 items by means of principal component analyses. Quality of life assessment involved seven factors: family, residential environment, personal competence, social relationships, physical appearance, psychological well-being, and pain. The rate of missing data was low. The Cronbach α coefficient remained above the 0.75 threshold criterion for the global scale and seven subdomain scales. A lower quality of life score was evident for female adolescents in higher grades in school, those living with a single parent or other relatives, and those living in rural areas. This 38-item questionnaire should serve as a reliable tool for future studies.
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
38 Citations
698 Citations
182 Citations
#1Michael E. RobinsonH-Index: 86
#2Christine M. Gagnon (UF: University of Florida)H-Index: 16
Last. Donald D. Price (UF: University of Florida)H-Index: 118
view all 4 authors...
Abstract The literature demonstrating sex differences in pain is sizable. Most explanations for these differences have focused on biologic mechanisms, and only a few studies have examined social learning. The purpose of this study was to examine the contribution of gender-role stereotypes to sex differences in pain. This study used experimental manipulation of gender-role expectations for men and women. One hundred twenty students participated in the cold pressor task. Before the pain task, part...
124 CitationsSource
#1Peter Fayers (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 79
#2David J. Hand (Imperial College London)H-Index: 74
There is extensive literature on the development and validation of multi‐item measurement scales. Much of this is based on principles derived from psychometric theory and assumes that the individual items form parallel tests, so that simple weighted or unweighted summation is an appropriate method of aggregation. More recent work either continues to promulgate these methods or places emphasis on modern techniques centred on item response theory. In fact, however, clinical measuring instruments o...
193 CitationsSource
Background: The aim of the study was to analyse children's quality of life (QoL) in the five Nordic countries from 1984 to 1996, a period in which major economic recessions occurred. Methods: The study design was cross-sectional based on a random sample of 3000 children in each country, aged 2 to 17 years, totalling 15,000 in 1984 and 15,000 in 1996. The data were collected by mailed questionnaires. QoL was analysed for three spheres of life: external, interpersonal, personal including both fact...
43 CitationsSource
Abstract Purpose: To determine the risk factors for adolescent childbearing in Taiwan within the context of family. Methods: In this case–control study, the cases were 198 mothers aged ≤19 years with firstborn infants in Taichung City, Taiwan, in 1997. The controls were composed of nonchildbearing adolescents matched with the cases with respect to age and neighborhood for each case. A self-administered structured questionnaire asking about a variety of family factors was used to gather relevant ...
29 CitationsSource
#1Xiangdong Wang (PKU: Peking University)H-Index: 3
#2Nobuko Matsuda (Kobe University)H-Index: 1
Last. Naotaka Shinfuku (Kobe University)H-Index: 24
view all 4 authors...
Researchers from Japan, China and Singapore have initiated a collaborative project, with the aim of comparing adolescent quality of life (QOL) internationally. This study presents the primary results of the investigation conducted in Beijing, China, and Kobe, Japan. The 70-item Quality of Life Questionnaire for Adolescents (QOLQA) was developed and evaluated in Japan and China. In total, 1114 Japanese and 613 Chinese junior high school students, aged 12–15 years, completed the questionnaire. Chi...
26 CitationsSource
#1Jacqueline Collier (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 21
#2Dorothy MacKinlay (Nottingham City Hospital)H-Index: 1
Last. Deborah Phillips (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
This study aimed to assess the quality of life of a population sample of schoolchildren. The Generic Children's Quality of Life Measure (GCQ) has been developed to allow comparison between chronically ill children and the general child population. The measure assesses how the child views his or her life and also how they would like it to be. Quality of life is measured as the discrepancy between the two viewpoints. This large community-based survey aimed to establish GCQ norm values for children...
59 CitationsSource
#1M.-Y. Chong (AS: Academia Sinica)H-Index: 1
#2K.-W. Chan (AS: Academia Sinica)H-Index: 1
Last. Andrew T. A. Cheng (AS: Academia Sinica)H-Index: 13
view all 3 authors...
BACKGROUND: This paper reports prevalences, sociodemographic correlates and psychiatric co-morbidity of substance use disorders (SUDs) among adolescents in Taiwan. METHODS: A random sample of ninth grade students (N = 774) was selected from an urban, a suburban and a rural community. Two-stage case identification was employed with a brief screening tool and a modified Chinese version of the Kiddie-SADS conducted by child psychiatrists. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of any SUD was 11.0%, with n...
53 CitationsSource
#1Li YtH-Index: 1
#2Yin CsH-Index: 1
Last. Chan CcH-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
BACKGROUND: Teenage pregnancy is a growing worldwide problem, associated with adolescents' social and health problems and poor perinatal outcome. This study was conducted to investigate psychosocial factors predisposing to the high teenage pregnancy rate in Hualien, eastern Taiwan. METHODS: A regional hospital-based study was conducted with a retrospective analysis of hospital records and questionnaires to collect personal and family data regarding the perinatal outcome of 100 pregnant teenagers...
9 Citations
#1Peter Fayers (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 79
#2David J. Hand (OU: Open University)H-Index: 74
Last. Mogens Groenvold (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 64
view all 4 authors...
Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaires contain two different types of items. Some items, such as assessments of symptoms of disease, may be called causal indicators because the occurrence of these symptoms can cause a change in QOL. A severe state of even a single symptom may suffice to cause impairment of QOL, although a poor QOL need not necessarily imply that a patient suffers from all the symptoms. Other items, for example anxiety and depression, can be regarded as effect indicators which refl...
193 CitationsSource
#1Peter Fayers (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 79
#2David J. Hand (OU: Open University)H-Index: 74
Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) remains one of the standard and most widely used methods for demonstrating construct validity of new instruments. However, the model for EFA makes assumptions which may not be applicable to all quality of life (QOL) instruments, and as a consequence the results from EFA may be misleading. In particular, EFA assumes that the underlying construct of QOL (and any postulated subscales or ‘factors’) may be regarded as being reflected by the items in those factors or ...
235 CitationsSource
Cited By32
#1Herman Hay-Ming Lo (PolyU: Hong Kong Polytechnic University)
This study investigated the effects of self-efficacy and mindfulness on the quality of life of Chinese adolescents. The effects of gender, age, and perceived family functioning were also examined. This cross-sectional study was based on a sample of 462 Hong Kong adolescents 11 to 18 years of age. Self-reported measures were used to collect data on the participants’ quality of life, family functioning, self-efficacy, and mindfulness. Although boys were found to have an overall better quality of l...
1 CitationsSource
#1Hsing-Ying HoH-Index: 3
#2Yi-Lung Chen (Asia University (Japan))H-Index: 10
Last. Cheng-Fang Yen (KMU: Kaohsiung Medical University)H-Index: 54
view all 3 authors...
School bullying can cause severe mental health problems for both victims and perpetrators. However, the association between bullying victimization and perpetration has rarely been discussed, and no...
1 CitationsSource
#1Yi-Lung Chen (Asia University (Japan))H-Index: 10
#2Hsing-Ying Ho (Asia University (Japan))H-Index: 3
Last. Cheng-Fang Yen (KMU: Kaohsiung Medical University)H-Index: 54
view all 5 authors...
Although adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have a higher risk of suicidality and more problems related to school bullying, and quality of life (QoL) is reportedly associated with school bullying, suicide, and ADHD, no study has examined their correlation. This study examined the complex relationships between QoL, school bullying, suicide, and ADHD symptoms. A total of 203 adolescents with ADHD aged between 12 and 18 years were recruited. School bullying and QoL wer...
3 CitationsSource
#1Yi-Ping Hsieh (UND: University of North Dakota)H-Index: 8
#2Wei-Hsin LuH-Index: 1
Last. Cheng-Fang Yen (KMU: Kaohsiung Medical University)H-Index: 54
view all 3 authors...
The theoretical explanation of human problems is derived from the complex interplay of psychological, social, economic, political, and physical factors. Aims: This study examined the roles of behavioral health (alcohol abuse and suicidality) and social environment (family support, school connectedness, and favorable neighborhood) and mental health (depression, anxiety, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in predicting insomnia in adolescents in an ecological perspective. Methods:...
6 CitationsSource
#1Pai-Cheng Lin (KMU: Kaohsiung Medical University)H-Index: 3
#2Chia-Nan Yen (South Korean Ministry for Health, Welfare and Family Affairs)H-Index: 5
Last. Cheng-Fang Yen (KMU: Kaohsiung Medical University)H-Index: 54
view all 7 authors...
This study aimed to examine the associations between involvement in bullying and perceived quality of life (QOL) among adolescents in Taiwan. A total of 5488 students whose grade ranged from 7 to 12 participated in this study. Their experiences of victimization by and perpetration of verbal, relational, and physical bullying (including the snatching of belongings) were assessed through using the Chinese version of the School Bullying Experience Questionnaire. The level of perceived QOL was asses...
3 CitationsSource
#1Chien-Chuan WangH-Index: 2
#2Huang-Chi Lin (KMU: Kaohsiung Medical University)H-Index: 18
Last. Cheng-Fang Yen (KMU: Kaohsiung Medical University)H-Index: 54
view all 7 authors...
This study examined the differences in the current levels of depression, anxiety, and physical pain in emerging adulthood among gay and bisexual men with various experiences of traditional and cyber homophobic bullying based on gender role nonconformity and sexual orientation and the moderating effects of family and peer support.A total of 500 gay or bisexual men (age 20-25 years) in Taiwan were recruited from August 2015 to July 2017. The levels of depression, anxiety, and physical pain among g...
22 CitationsSource
#1Wen-Jiun Chou (CGU: Chang Gung University)H-Index: 9
#2Tai-Ling Liu (KMU: Kaohsiung Medical University)H-Index: 16
Last. Huei-Fan HuH-Index: 1
view all 5 authors...
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence rates of bullying involvement and their correlates in adolescents diagnosed with ADHD in Taiwan. METHOD: Bullying involvement, family and ADHD characteristics, the levels of behavioral inhibition system (BIS) and behavioral approach system (BAS), and psychiatric comorbidity were assessed in 287 adolescents with ADHD. The multiple regression analysis was used to examine the correlate of bullying victimization and perpetration. RESULTS: The prevalence rates of ...
28 CitationsSource
#1Nelica Ivanović Radović (University of Montenegro)H-Index: 1
#2K. Božić (University of Novi Sad)H-Index: 2
Last. Slavica Vujisic (University of Montenegro)H-Index: 2
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Objective The objective of this study was to establish potential risk factors for poor health-related quality of life among adolescents with epilepsy in Montenegro. Material and methods A sample of 104 adolescents with epilepsy (age: 11–19 years) at a tertiary referral center in Podgorica, Montenegro, completed the validated Serbian version of the QOLIE-AD-48 questionnaire. They were divided into two groups: a group with active epilepsy (60 adolescents) and a group with inactive epileps...
7 CitationsSource
#1Perl Han Lee (KMU: Kaohsiung Medical University)H-Index: 1
#2Yi-Chun Yeh (KMU: Kaohsiung Medical University)H-Index: 20
Last. Huei-Fan HuH-Index: 6
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Background: A total of 6150 junior and senior high school students aged 11–18 years participated in this study. Their level of pain-related QOL was assessed using the pain subscale of the Taiwanese QOL Questionnaire for Adolescents. The severities of depression, suicidality, anxiety, and alcohol abuse were also examined. Objectives: This study examined the associations between pain-related quality of life (QOL) and sociodemographic characteristics and those between pain-related QOL and ...
1 CitationsSource
#1Chun-Hsia Huang (NYMU: National Yang-Ming University)H-Index: 2
#2Tze-Fang Wang (NYMU: National Yang-Ming University)H-Index: 3
Last. Shu Yu (NYMU: National Yang-Ming University)H-Index: 17
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Background/Objective Emotional well-being affects the school performance of elementary school children. Quality of life (QoL) measurements are indicative of emotional well-being; however, the development of assessment tools suitable for measuring the QoL of elementary school children has received little attention and, therefore, the creation of reliable assessment tools for measuring QoL among this population is required. Method: We employed qualitative and quantitative research methods...
3 CitationsSource