The social and ethical consequences of a calculative mindset

Published on Sep 1, 2014in Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes
· DOI :10.1016/J.OBHDP.2014.05.004
Long Wang9
Estimated H-index: 9
(CityU: City University of Hong Kong),
Chen-Bo Zhong24
Estimated H-index: 24
(U of T: University of Toronto),
J. Keith Murnighan53
Estimated H-index: 53
(NU: Northwestern University)
Rational choice models suggest that decisions should be both deliberate and calculative. In contrast, the current research suggests that calculations may lead to unintended social and moral consequences. We tested whether engaging in a calculative task would lead decision makers to overlook the social and moral consequences of their subsequent decisions and act selfishly and unethically. In each of the first four experiments, participants first completed either a calculative or a comparable, non-calculative task followed by an ostensibly unrelated decision task (either a Dictator or a modified Ultimatum Game). Compared to the non-calculative tasks, completing the calculative tasks led people to be consistently more selfish in the Dictator Game and more unethical in the modified Ultimatum Game. A final experiment tested whether the calculative task led to more self-interested behavior through increased utilitarian judgments and dampened emotional reactions; it also examined whether a subtle, social intervention might mitigate these effects.
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