Identifying Expertise to Extract the Wisdom of Crowds

Published on Feb 1, 2015in Management Science3.935
· DOI :10.1287/MNSC.2014.1909
David V. Budescu64
Estimated H-index: 64
(Fordham University),
Eva Chen6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)
Sources
Abstract
Statistical aggregation is often used to combine multiple opinions within a group. Such aggregates outperform individuals, including experts, in various prediction and estimation tasks. This result is attributed to the “wisdom of crowds.” We seek to improve the quality of such aggregates by eliminating poorly performing individuals from the crowd. We propose a new measure of contribution to assess the judges' performance relative to the group and use positive contributors to build a weighting model for aggregating forecasts. In Study 1, we analyze 1,233 judges forecasting almost 200 current events to illustrate the superiority of our model over unweighted models and models weighted by measures of absolute performance. In Study 2, we replicate our findings by using economic forecasts from the European Central Bank and show how the method can be used to identify smaller crowds of the top positive contributors. We show that the model derives its power from identifying experts who consistently outperform the crowd. Data, as supplemental material, are available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.2014.1909 . This paper was accepted by James Smith, decision analysis.
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