Resolution of Social Conflicts: Dominance, Egalitarianism, Spheres of Dominance, and Game Theory

Published on Jun 1, 1986in The Quarterly Review of Biology4.389
· DOI :10.1086/414899
Judith Latta Hand4
Estimated H-index: 4
Sources
Abstract
Social conflict is defined operationally as occurring when the behavior of two (or more) individuals indicates that their motivational priorities are incompatible: they seek the same thing of different things, and both cannot be satisfied. Social dominance is defined as consistent winning at points of social conflict, regardless of the tactic used. Four problems generated by many current uses of the social dominance concept are critically reviewed here. (1) Dominance is sometimes equated with and is sometimes operationally defined as priority of access to resources. It is argued that dominance functions to resolve many kinds of social conflict, and not just those involving resources. (2) A tendency to describe all conflict resolution by using the dominance/subordination paradigm obstructs consideration of other relationships, specifically egalitarian ones. Egalitarian relationships are defined. (3) A Tendency to link dominance and aggression causes non-aggressive patterns of dominance(e.g., passive refusa...
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