Olmesartan and telmisartan comparably preserve pancreatic beta-cell mass with reduction of oxidative stress in db/db mice

Published on Mar 1, 2014in Diabetology international
· DOI :10.1007/S13340-013-0135-X
Nayumi Shigihara5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Juntendo University),
Toyoyoshi Uchida19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Juntendo University)
+ 4 AuthorsHirotaka Watada78
Estimated H-index: 78
(Juntendo University)
Sources
Abstract
Several clinical studies have provided evidence that blockade of the renin–angiotensin system (RAS) prevents onset of type 2 diabetes. In mice models of type 2 diabetes, some angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs) reportedly protect against reduction of beta-cell mass. Although several ARBs are commercially available, the effect of these drugs on beta-cell mass has not been compared directly. The purpose of this study was to compare the protective effects on beta cell mass of olmesartan, an ARB with strong binding capacity to the angiotensin II type 1 receptor, and telmisartan, an ARB with partial peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) activity. Eight-week-old female db/db mice were treated with olmesartan medoxomil (3.0 mg/kg body weight/day), telmisartan (1.5 mg/kg body weight/day), or placebo for 6 weeks. This was followed by examination of glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, and islet morphology in each group. Random glucose level after treatment with the two ARBs was slightly, but significantly, lower than in the placebo group whereas glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity were similar among the three groups. Beta-cell mass was higher and staining intensities for NAD(P)H oxidase components and markers of oxidative stress were lower in islets of the olmesartan and telmisartan-treated groups than in those of the placebo group. Our results reveal that olmesartan and telmisartan had comparable effects on reduction of beta-cell mass in db/db mice via their antioxidant effects.
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