Dose-Effect Relationship of Unilateral Medial Rectus Resection for Recurrent Exotropia

Published on Mar 1, 2015in Journal of The Korean Ophthalmological Society
· DOI :10.3341/JKOS.2015.56.3.420
Young Kwon Chung2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Catholic University of Korea),
Se Yup Lee2
Estimated H-index: 2
(KMU: Keimyung University),
Young Chun Lee11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Catholic University of Korea)
Source
Abstract
Purpose: To investigate the dose-effect relationship of unilateral medial rectus resection for recurrent exotropia after bilateral lateral rectus recession. Methods: This study comprised 39 patients who underwent unilateral medial rectus resection for recurrent exotropia under 25 PD and bilateral rectus recession for prior surgery of exotropia. The medial rectus was resected from 5.0 to 7.0 mm according to angle deviation at a distance. The postoperative deviated angle was checked at one week, 3 months and 6 months postoperatively to investigate the amount of corrected deviation per resected muscle. Results: The average preoperative deviation was 21.33 ± 2.96 PD. We resected mean 6.26 ± 0.57 mm of the medial rectus muscle. The postoperative deviated angle was 0.82 ± 3.47, 1.87 ± 3.10 and 5.40 ± 4.79 PD at 1 week, 3 months and 6 months after surgery, respectively. The corrected deviated angle per millimeter (mm) was 3.29 ± 0.68, 3.17 ± 0.58 and 2.75 ± 0.89 PD at 1 week, 3 months and 6 months after surgery. There were no significant differences among the changes of postoperative deviation per millimeter according to the amount of medial rectus (MR) resection (p-value = 0.423, 0.382) The success rate was 89.75%, 92.31% and 87.18% at 1 week, 3 months and 6 months after surgery, respectively. The expected corrected angle according to the amount of resection remained constant and was 3.04-3.22 PD/mm at 3 months after surgery and 2.79-2.82 PD/mm at 6 months after surgery. Conclusions: The dose-effect per millimeter was decreased as time passed. There was no statistical difference among the corrected deviation angles per millimeter according to the amount of MR resection. We expect that the calculated dose-effect relationship may be a useful guideline for unilateral medial rectus resection for recurrent exotropia. J Korean Ophthalmol Soc 2015;56(3):420-426
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