Connected sensor cover: self-organization of sensor networks for efficient query execution

Published on Jun 1, 2003
· DOI :10.1145/778415.778438
Himanshu Gupta34
Estimated H-index: 34
(SUNY: State University of New York System),
Samir R. Das61
Estimated H-index: 61
(SUNY: State University of New York System),
Quinyi Gu2
Estimated H-index: 2
(SUNY: State University of New York System)
Spatial query execution is an essential functionality of a sensor network, where a query gathers sensor data within a specific geographic region. Redundancy within a sensor network can be exploited to reduce the communication cost incurred in execution of such queries. Any reduction in communication cost would result in an efficient use of the battery energy, which is very limited in sensors. One approach to reduce the communication cost of a query is to self-organize the network, in response to a query, into a topology that involves only a small subset of the sensors sufficient to process the query. The query is then executed using only the sensors in the constructed topology.In this article, we design and analyze algorithms for such self-organization of a sensor network to reduce energy consumption. In particular, we develop the notion of a connected sensor cover and design a centralized approximation algorithm that constructs a topology involving a near-optimal connected sensor cover. We prove that the size of the constructed topology is within an log n factor of the optimal size, where n is the network size. We also develop a distributed self-organization version of our algorithm, and propose several optimizations to reduce the communication overhead of the algorithm. Finally, we evaluate the distributed algorithm using simulations and show that our approach results in significant communication cost reduction.
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