The outcome of strabismus surgery in childhood exotropia.

Published on Jan 1, 1993in Eye2.455
· DOI :10.1038/EYE.1994.158
J M Keenan1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Children's of Alabama),
H E Willshaw9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Children's of Alabama)
The results of squint surgery in 42 children with primary, non-paralytic, childhood exotropia are analysed. A ‘favourable outcome’, defined as a final alignment for near and distance within ±10 dioptres of straight, or within ±20 dioptres of straight with evidence of binocular single vision, was achieved in 39 (93%) children. The factors affecting the final outcome are discussed, including age of onset, age at the time of surgery, pre- operative and post-operative amblyopia, refractive error, anisometropia, the surgical procedures used, and postoperative ocular alignment.
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Purpose The correlation between the existence of the preoperative condition of ≥ 10 prism diopter (PD) in patients with basic type of intermittent exotropia (IXT) and postoperative outcomes was analyzed. Method The medical records of patients that underwent surgery for IXT were analyzed retrospectively. The analysis was conducted by dividing the patients into a group with change of < 10 PD (Group 1) and ≥ 10 PD (Group 2) before the time of the surgery. Patients who received at least 6 months of ...
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