Soil Macrofaunal Communities are Heterogeneous in Heathlands with Different Grazing Intensity

Published on Aug 1, 2015in Pedosphere3.736
· DOI :10.1016/S1002-0160(15)30033-3
Jean-François Ponge58
Estimated H-index: 58
(CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique),
Sandrine Salmon24
Estimated H-index: 24
(CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)
+ 1 AuthorsJean-Jacques Geoffroy10
Estimated H-index: 10
(CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)
Sources
Abstract
Moderate grazing by cattle increases the heterogeneity of soil and vegetation. This has been suggested as an ecologically sustainable mean of managing natural environments endangered by tree encroachment, such as heathlands. Our study was performed to test the impact of grazing intensity on soil macroinvertebrate communities in heterogeneous landscapes in a private property eligible to the Natura 2000 European Network of Special Protection Areas within the Brenne Natural Regional Park (Indre, France). We sampled macroinvertebrates along a broken line crossing 5 different land-use types, from pasture to pine forest, passing through a besom heath (Erica scoparia) heathland at 3 levels of cattle pressure. We hypothesized that: i) litter-dwelling (mostly arthropods and mollusks) and soil-dwelling macroinvertebrates (mostly earthworms) would respond in an opposite manner to various grazing intensities, and ii) intermediate cattle pressure (pastured heath) would increase soil and community heterogeneity. The results supported the first hypothesis, which was explained by land-use impacts mediated by soil properties. However, our results supported only partly the second hypothesis since maximum dissimilarity (whether in the composition of soil macroinvertebrate communities or in soil features) was observed in only one out of the two pastured heaths where cattle pressure was intermediate.
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
9 Citations
3 Authors (Alan Cooper, ..., E. Ballard)
18 Citations
References71
Newest
#1Raphaël Marichal (UPMC: Pierre-and-Marie-Curie University)H-Index: 13
#2Michel GrimaldiH-Index: 26
Last. Patrick Lavelle (UPMC: Pierre-and-Marie-Curie University)H-Index: 80
view all 18 authors...
Abstract Land use changes in the Amazon region strongly impact soil macroinvertebrate communities, which are recognized as major drivers of soil functions ( Lavelle et al., 2006 ). To explore these relations, we tested the hypotheses that (i) soil macrofauna communities respond to landscape changes and (ii) soil macrofauna and ecosystem services are linked. We conducted a survey of macrofauna communities and indicators of ecosystem services at 270 sites in southern Colombia (department of Caquet...
51 CitationsSource
#2Guilherme Montandon Chaer (Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária)H-Index: 16
Last. Beata Emoke Madari (Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária)H-Index: 28
view all 5 authors...
Abstract It is of global concern to adopt measures to mitigate land degradation caused by agricultural production systems. One of the strategies proposed is to replace degraded pastures with agrosilvopastoral systems which integrate three different land-use types: crop production, livestock pasture and forestry plantation (denoted iCLF). However, little is known about the differences between iCLF and other land use types in terms of soil microbial community structure. Distance matrices based on ...
16 CitationsSource
#1Marcellus M. Caldas (KSU: Kansas State University)H-Index: 24
#2Jason S. Bergtold (KSU: Kansas State University)H-Index: 19
Last. J. Christopher Brown (KU: University of Kansas)H-Index: 18
view all 8 authors...
Abstract Energy conservation has emerged as one of the biggest challenges of the world in the XXI century, and not different from many countries, the US has created plans and policies to stimulate renewable energy alternative. Among the important alternatives for energy conservation is the use of biomass energy. Despite these stimuli production predictions are not confident that production would achieve the planned target for the U.S. Consequently, the predictions raise questions about farmer's ...
43 CitationsSource
#1Charlène HeinigerH-Index: 2
#2Sébastien BarotH-Index: 38
Last. Florence DubsH-Index: 20
view all 7 authors...
Landscape fragmentation is a major threat to biodiversity. It results in the transformation of continuous (hence large) habitat patches into isolated (hence smaller) patches, embedded in a matrix of another habitat type. Many populations are harmed by fragmentation because remnant patches do not fulfil their ecological and demographic requirements. In turn, this leads to a loss of biodiversity, especially if species have poor dispersal abilities. Moreover, landscape fragmentation is a dynamic pr...
25 CitationsSource
#2Guénola PérèsH-Index: 21
Last. Antonio BispoH-Index: 22
view all 11 authors...
A gradient of agricultural intensification (from permanent meadows to permanent crops, with rotation crops and meadows as intermediary steps) was studied in the course of the RMQS-Biodiv program, covering a regular grid of 109 sites spread over the whole area of French Brittany. Soil biota (earthworms, other macrofauna, microarthropods, nematodes, microorganisms) were sampled according to a standardized procedure, together with visual assessment of a Humus Index. We hypothesized that soil animal...
99 CitationsSource
#1Jan Frouz (Charles University in Prague)H-Index: 41
#2Elisa Thébault (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 29
Last. Peter C. de Ruiter (WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)H-Index: 42
view all 12 authors...
Parameters characterizing the structure of the decomposer food web, biomass of the soil microflora (bacteria and fungi) and soil micro-, meso- and macrofauna were studied at 14 non-reclaimed 1– 41-year-old post-mining sites near the town of Sokolov (Czech Republic). These observations on the decomposer food webs were compared with knowledge of vegetation and soil microstructure development from previous studies. The amount of carbon entering the food web increased with succession age in a simila...
35 CitationsSource
#1Thomas W. Crowther (Yale University)H-Index: 37
#2David W. G. Stanton (Cardiff University)H-Index: 11
Last. Lynne Boddy (Cardiff University)H-Index: 74
view all 9 authors...
The relative contribution of top-down and bottom-up processes regulating primary decomposers can influence the strength of the link between the soil animal community and ecosystem functioning. Although soil bacterial communities are regulated by bottom-up and top-down processes, the latter are considered to be less important in structuring the diversity and functioning of fungal-dominated ecosystems. Despite the huge diversity of mycophagous (fungal-feeding) soil fauna, and their potential to re...
69 CitationsSource
#1Franciska T. de Vries (University of Manchester)H-Index: 30
#2Elisa Thébault (WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)H-Index: 29
Last. Richard D. Bardgett (University of Manchester)H-Index: 123
view all 23 authors...
Intensive land use reduces the diversity and abundance of many soil biota, with consequences for the processes that they govern and the ecosystem services that these processes underpin. Relationships between soil biota and ecosystem processes have mostly been found in laboratory experiments and rarely are found in the field. Here, we quantified, across four countries of contrasting climatic and soil conditions in Europe, how differences in soil food web composition resulting from land use system...
373 CitationsSource
#1Meriç Çakir (Istanbul University)H-Index: 4
#2Ender Makineci (Istanbul University)H-Index: 14
In order to assess the effects of conversion of natural stands into plantations, soil invertebrate micro- and macroarthropod communities were evaluated for their abundance and richness in a sessile oak (SO; Quercus petraea L.) stand and adjacent Austrian pine (AP; Pinus nigra Arnold) plantation. Sites were sampled four times a year in 3-month intervals from May 2009 to February 2010. Humus characteristics such as total mass; carbon, lignin, and cellulose contents; and C/N ratio were significantl...
6 CitationsSource
#1Jean-François Ponge (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 58
#2Sandrine Salmon (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 24
Abstract Whether dispersal limitation and phylogenetic conservatism influence soil species assemblages is still a debated question. We hypothesized that spatial and phylogenetic patterns influence communities in a hump-backed fashion, maximizing their impact at intermediate spatial and phylogenetic distances. Species–environment relationships are blurred by dispersal limitation and restricted habitat choice at long and short spatial distances, respectively (Hypothesis 1). Co-occurrence of specie...
22 CitationsSource
Cited By3
Newest
#2Fernández-Luqueño Fabián (CINVESTAV)H-Index: 1
Last. Pérez-Sato Marcos (BUAP: Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla)
view all 8 authors...
Both earthworms and terrestrial isopods have been used to evaluate the quality of contaminated soil by NPs. However, most experiments have been conducted in the laboratory and under greenhouse conditions. Besides, little is known of Fe accumulation in earthworms from iron NPs (Fe NPs) under natural conditions. Therefore, the objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of manufactured NPs on the accumulation of Fe in macroinvertebrates from forest soil. Our results revealed that earthwo...
1 CitationsSource
#1Christian E. Vincenot (Kyoto University)H-Index: 14
#2Fabrizio CartenìH-Index: 15
Last. Francesco GianninoH-Index: 18
view all 5 authors...
Spatial patterns and self-organization of plants has been a subject of fascination because the underlying mechanisms have been hard to determine, raising different explanatory hypotheses. Plant–soil negative feedback (PSNF) – defined as the induction of negative conditions for conspecific establishment – has been widely studied in both field and laboratory conditions, and conceptually demonstrated by some modelling works. We present a mechanistic model, integrating individual plants inside an ag...
20 CitationsSource
#1Michael Steinwandter (University of Innsbruck)H-Index: 6
#2Birgit C. Schlick-Steiner (University of Innsbruck)H-Index: 26
Last. Julia Seeber (University of Innsbruck)H-Index: 14
view all 5 authors...
Although soil invertebrates play a decisive role in maintaining ecosystem functioning, little is known about their structural composition in Alpine soils and how their abundances are affected by the currently ongoing land-use changes. In this study, we re-assessed the soil macrofauna community structure of managed and abandoned Alpine pastureland, which has already been evaluated 14 years earlier. Our results confirm clear shifts in the community composition after abandonment, in that (1) Chilop...
10 CitationsSource