Ipnosi e dolore

Published on Jan 1, 2010
· DOI :10.1007/978-88-470-1469-5_9
Lara Bellardita10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UCSC: Catholic University of the Sacred Heart),
Enrico Molinari50
Estimated H-index: 50
(UCSC: Catholic University of the Sacred Heart),
Gianluca Castelnuovo35
Estimated H-index: 35
(UCSC: Catholic University of the Sacred Heart)
Sources
Abstract
Il fenomeno dell’ipnosi e noto all’uomo da oltre quattromila anni (Mosconi, 1993). Le crescenti evidenze empiriche dell’efficacia e la susseguente diffusione delle tecniche ipnotiche in ambiti impensabili solo fino a qualche decennio fa hanno riacceso l’interesse scientifico verso uno dei fenomeni piu complessi e interessanti della psicologia, della fisiologia e della comunicazione umana (Cavallaro, 1996). L’ipnosi medica moderna ha combattuto a lungo per raggiungere e mantenere l’attuale stato di integrita e dignita professionale, passando attraverso fasi in cui il misticismo si mescolava alla banalizzazione teatrale, i ciarlatani agli studiosi della psiche umana, i teatranti da baraccone ai ricercatori, suscitando in questo percorso momenti di entusiasmo e di indifferenza. Dalla fase magico-misterica degli albori al periodo delle applicazioni magneto-fluidiche di Mesmer arrivando fino a Charcot e Freud, (Mosconi, 2002), attualmente l’ipnosi viene utilizzata, fra gli altri scopi, per il controllo del dolore nelle sue varie forme. Avendo sgombrato il campo dalla pervicace credenza che attribuiva agli ipnotisti un potere magico, oggi la pratica ipnotica puo essere considerata come un ulteriore mezzo a disposizione della ricerca e della pratica clinica.
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Abstract This study describes the effect of hypnosis on pain relief during labor and childbirth. Using a qualitative approach, 6 pregnant women were trained to use self-hypnosis for labor. Outcomes were analyzed using Colaizzi's procedure. Women described their feelings about hypnosis during labor as: a sense of relief and consolation, self-confidence, satisfaction, lack of suffering labor pain, changing the feeling of pain into one of pressure, a decrease in fear of natural childbirth, lack of ...
26 CitationsSource
Hypnosis is a well validated treatment for acute and chronic pain (Montgomery, DuHamel, & Redd, 2000). It has been found capable of reducing inflammation, altering blood flow, and producing beneficial effects when hypnotic suggestions are provided during and prior to surgery (Frederick, 2001) and other painful medical procedures. This paper quotes extensively from historical examples of the use of hypnosis (mesmerism) as the sole anesthesia for major surgeries in the 1800’s. These historic examp...
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Novel advances in biotechnology and medical imaging techniques have enabled an evolution toward earlier diagnosis and treatment by way of "minimally invasive" surgical techniques performed on the conscious patient without the use of general anesthesia. Although the risks of diagnostic and therapeutic interventions have been reduced with these approaches, patients still face many physical and psychologic challenges. Several randomized controlled trials have shown that hypnotic techniques are effe...
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The individual and combined effects of posthypnotic suggestion (PHS) and virtual reality distraction (VRD) on experimentally induced thermal pain were examined using a 2 x 2, between-groups design. After receiving baseline thermal pain, each participant received hypnosis or no hypnosis, followed by VRD or no VRD during another pain stimulus. Consistent with the hypothesis that hypnosis and VRD work via different mechanisms, results show that posthypnotic analgesia was moderated by hypnotizabilit...
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Le Neuroscienze hanno sviluppato negli ultimi anni una tecnologia ricercata per lo studio dell’attivita cerebrale che ha permesso di affrontare problemi considerati, classicamente, di pertinenza filosofica. Questo ha consentito un aumento delle conoscenze sul funzionamento del sistema nervoso centrale in stati ordinari e speciali di coscienza, tra cui l’ipnosi. Le conoscenze sono meccanismi biologici istintivi che colorano le nostre esistenze e ci aiutano nei compiti fondamentali della vita, com...
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#1Gloria Pelizzo (UNIPV: University of Pavia)H-Index: 21
#2Valeria Calcaterra (UNIPV: University of Pavia)H-Index: 24
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A child’s pain needs to be addressed and understood as a sensory and emotional experience, through which “invisible” things can be discovered. The perception of a child’s pain and its psychological, interpersonal and somatic consequences need dedicated support and management during medical treatment. Without adequate support and management, which give suffering a precise meaning, the suffering of children remains a primitive injustice. This article closely examines and looks at possible ways to ...
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Gli esseri umani incontrano spesso il dolore, un’esperienza che si presenta in forme anche molto diverse: per esempio puo accompagnare eventi naturali come il parto, emergere nell’intimita dei rapporti sessuali, assumere i tratti di cronicita o raggiungere la massima intensita in occasione di patologie organiche gravi come quelle oncologiche (Ercolani e Pasquini, 2007). Affrontare la tematica del dolore e molto importante, e lo spostamento dall’ottica della guarigione (che pretende di trovare un...
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