Nihon Naika Gakkai zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
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The novel coronavirus spread from China to the rest of the world, and a major pandemic has followed In developing treatments for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), drug repositioning of existing drugs with antiviral activity has been the main focus, and s uppression of hyperimmunity is also a major theme in severe cases Although the treatment for COVID-19 is still in its infancy, knowledge based on clinical and other studies is accumulating at an unprecedented rate
A quarantine on board the cruise ship Diamond Princess was conducted on February 5, 2020 Preventing the spread of infections in private rooms, transporting polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test-positive patients to medical institutions, responding to medical and pharmaceutical needs, transporting high-risk patients to accommodations, assisting with overseas departures and relieving anxiety, etc , to control infections on board and prevent the spread of infection at the water's edge The results of...
In the event of an outbreak of an emerging viral infection, healthcare organizations have a role to provide patients with the best practicable care at the time, while preventing nosocomial infection The Guide to Clinical Practice for Infectious Diseases of the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) has been revised since its publication in March 2020 It is believed that it has played a role as a communication tool between government agencies and medical institutions
The novel coronavirus infection that began at the end of 2019 (coronavirus disease 2019: COVID-19) epidemic has become a pandemic and is now pandemic in the world At present, the most recent data available, the cumulative number of patients and deaths worldwide is over 20 9 million and 750,000, respectively The cumulative number of patients in Japan is 52,600, with more than 1,000 deaths After the so-called first wave in April-May of this year, the number of patients is now on the rise again acr...
The Japan Medical Association (JMA) focused on the dissemination of information on the novel coronavirus infection to its members, grasped the plight of the medical community, and made various requests to the government A cruise ship, which had already been infected on board, entered the port of Yokohama, and a JMAT (Japan Medical Association Team) was dispatched as a special case of disaster to respond to the passengers and crew in an emergency Faced with the danger of medical collapse due to t...
The ethical and legal social issues of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) include (1) bio- and public health ethics, (2) research ethics, (3) implementation of the legal system, (4) participation of COVID-19 parties, (5) impact on vulnerable populations, and (6) use of digital technology The following are some examples This article addresses the background and definitions of prejudice, discrimination, and risk communication issues that underlie these issues, as well as recent developments
There are several risk factors for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), including aging, high blood pressure, and gender Current information suggests that the risk of developing COVID-19 in rheumatic disease (rheumatic disease: RD) is similar to that of non-rheumatic disease (RD) patients, but the number of cases that have been reported to date has not been sufficient to determine the severity of COVID-19 However, a number of immunosuppressive drugs used in the treatment of RD may suppress the c...
The epidemic of a novel coronavirus infection caused by SARS-CoV-2 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) has had a major impact on intensive care settings around the world This article describes practical intensive care management, focusing on the pathogenesis of the disease and its treatment, which is gradually being elucidated, based on the experience at our own institution
Because the contagiousness of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) begins 2 3 to 0 7 days before the onset of the disease, all people with SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) have been diagnosed with Early detection of COVID-19 patients, isolation, contact with the person in contact with the patient, and disinfection of high contact areas should be performed It is also important for health care workers to refrain from participating in enclosed, congested, and co...
Genetic testing is undoubtedly the most important factor in the diagnosis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), but recently, a simple and highly sensitive antigen test has been developed and made available In addition to nasopharyngeal wipes, saliva and nasal cavity (nasal entrance) specimens have also been approved Rapid and accurate diagnosis is essential in controlling infectious diseases, and COVID-19 is required to establish a system for rapid implementation of appropriate testing
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