European Journal of Nutrition
Papers 4616
1 page of 462 pages (4,616 results)
#1Meysam Zarezadeh (University of Tabriz)
#1Meysam Zarezadeh (University of Tabriz)H-Index: 7
Last. Daniel J. Müller (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 60
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Background Cytochrome P450s (CYPs) are a class of hemoproteins involved in drug metabolism. It has been reported that body composition, proportion of dietary macronutrients, fasting and nutritional status can interfere with the activity of drug-metabolizing CYPs. Objectives The present systematic review was conducted to summarize the effect of obesity, weight reduction, macronutrients, fasting and malnutrition on the CYP-mediated drug metabolism. Methods PubMed (Medline), Scopus, Embase and Coch...
1 CitationsSource
#1Lukas Schwingshackl (University of Freiburg)H-Index: 45
#2Holger J. Schünemann (McMaster University)H-Index: 155
Last. Joerg J Meerpohl (Cochrane Collaboration)H-Index: 57
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Suboptimal diet is recognized as a leading modifiable risk factor for non-communicable diseases. Non-randomized studies (NRSs) with patient relevant outcomes provide many insights into diet-disease relationships. Dietary guidelines are based predominantly on findings from systematic reviews of NRSs-mostly prospective observational studies, despite that these have been repeatedly criticized for yielding potentially less trustworthy results than randomized controlled trials (RCTs). It is assumed t...
3 CitationsSource
#1Thanutchaporn Kumrungsee (Hiroshima University)H-Index: 6
#2Peipei Zhang (Ha Tai: Xiamen University)H-Index: 2
Last. Norihisa Kato (Hiroshima University)H-Index: 31
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Although overt vitamin B6 deficiency is rare, marginal vitamin B6 deficiency is frequent and occurs in a consistent proportion of the population. The marginal vitamin B6 deficiency appears to relate to an increased risk of inflammation-related diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases and cancers. Of all the cardiovascular diseases, heart failure is a complex clinical syndrome associated with a high mortality rate. So far, information regarding the cardioprotective mechanisms of vitamin B6 has b...
#2Richard P. Bazinet (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 53
Last. James C. GriffithsH-Index: 12
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Globally, there has been a marked increase in longevity, but it is also apparent that significant inequalities remain, especially the inequality related to insufficient 'health' to enjoy or at least survive those later years. The major causes include lack of access to proper nutrition and healthcare services, and often the basic information to make the personal decisions related to diet and healthcare options and opportunities. Proper nutrition can be the best predictor of a long healthy life ex...
#1A.M. Pustjens (WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)H-Index: 9
Last. Polly BoonH-Index: 22
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PURPOSE This study attempted gaining insight into the intake of protein and fat of 12- to 36-month-old children in the Netherlands. METHODS In 2017, a Total Diet Study (TDS) was carried out in the Netherlands including following three age groups: 12-17-, 18-23- and 24- to 36-month-old children. Protein and fat concentrations of 164 composite samples were analysed and combined with the consumption data from the Dutch National Food Consumption Survey 2012-2016 (DNFCS). RESULTS Median protein intak...
#1Sabine Nunes Boilesen (UNIFESP: Federal University of São Paulo)H-Index: 2
#2Francine Canova Dias (UNIFESP: Federal University of São Paulo)H-Index: 1
Last. Mauro Batista de Morais (UNIFESP: Federal University of São Paulo)H-Index: 30
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PURPOSE This study aimed to evaluate fluid intake and urinary osmolality in pediatric patients with functional constipation. METHODS This was a cross-sectional, case-control study that prospectively included two groups: 36 pediatric patients older than 4 years with functional constipation (Rome III criteria) who were consecutively admitted in a public tertiary pediatric gastroenterology outpatient clinic and 93 controls with normal bowel habits. The control group was recruited from a public scho...
#1Chen Dor (HUJI: Hebrew University of Jerusalem)
#2Aliza H. Stark (HUJI: Hebrew University of Jerusalem)H-Index: 20
Last. Tali Sinai (HUJI: Hebrew University of Jerusalem)H-Index: 2
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PURPOSE Milk consumption is associated with increased height primarily in early childhood. However, in adolescents, data are scarce with inconsistent results. Since height is a proxy for overall health and well-being, this study evaluated the association of dairy intake with height in adolescents. METHODS Students in 7th-12th grades, participating in the 2015-2016 Israeli Health and Nutrition Youth Survey, a school-based cross-sectional study, completed self-administered questionnaires, includin...
#1Lynne Bell (University of Reading)H-Index: 6
#2Adrian R. Whyte (University of Reading)H-Index: 6
Last. Claire M. Williams (University of Reading)H-Index: 38
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Purpose null Cereboost®, an American ginseng extract, has shown improved short-term memory and attention/alertness in healthy young and middle-aged individuals, potentially via modulation of the gut microbiome and upregulation of neurotransmitters such as acetylcholine. Here, we explored the effects of Cereboost® on cognition and mood in the first 6 h post intervention (acute), after 2 weeks daily supplementation (chronic), and whether 2 weeks daily supplementation altered the response to a sing...
#1Amy H R Wood (University of Leeds)
#2Helen F. Chappell (University of Leeds)H-Index: 9
Last. Michael A. Zulyniak (University of Leeds)H-Index: 14
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Purpose null There is an ever-growing body of literature examining the relationship between dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3 PUFAs) and cerebral structure and function throughout life. In light of this, the use of ω3 PUFAs, namely, long-chain (LC) ω3 PUFAs (i.e., eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid), as a therapeutic strategy to mitigate cognitive impairment, and progression to Alzheimer's disease is an attractive prospect. This review aims to summarise evidence reporte...
#1Ana Soriano-Lerma (UGR: University of Granada)H-Index: 2
#2María García-Burgos (UGR: University of Granada)H-Index: 1
Last. Inmaculada López-Aliaga (UGR: University of Granada)H-Index: 16
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Purpose null Anaemia is a global health concern, with iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) causing approximately 50% of cases. Affecting mostly the elderly, pregnant and adult women and children, physiopathology of IDA in relation to the gut microbiome is poorly understood. Therefore, the objective of this study is to analyse, in an animal model, the effect of IDA on the gut microbiome along the gastrointestinal tract, as well as to relate intestinal dysbiosis to changes in microbial metabolites such a...
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Food science
Diabetes mellitus