Journal of The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Papers 3,009
1 page of 301 pages (3,009 results)
#1Harold W. Rees (Loyola University Medical Center)H-Index: 6
Last. Nicholas M. BrownH-Index: 15
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Neuropathic arthropathy of the knee (Charcot knee) is a rare pathology defined by progressive destruction of bone and soft tissue in a patient with underlying peripheral neuropathy. Historically, Charcot knee was associated with neurosyphilis, but it has been increasingly described as a late stage of diabetes. The pathophysiology of the disease is not completely understood, but theories include repetitive microtrauma and an abnormal neurovascular response. Patients present with a warm, swollen, ...
INTRODUCTION Despite the great success of total hip arthroplasty (THA), many patients were fairly dissatisfied after surgery. Therefore, patient-reported outcome measures have become of an utmost importance in assessing the results after joint replacement. This study was conducted to compare the postoperative patient-reported satisfactions after implantation of two commonly used THA designs. METHODS Of 180 patients, who initially fulfilled the study selection criteria and received cementless THA...
Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS), or congenital fusion of the cervical vertebrae, has been thought to be an extremely rare diagnosis. However, recent literature suggests an increased prevalence, with a high proportion of asymptomatic individuals. Occurring as a sporadic mutation or associated with several genes, the pathogenesis involves failure of cervical somite segmentation and differentiation during embryogenesis. Most commonly, the C2-C3 and C5-C6 levels are involved. KFS is associated with othe...
#1Remy V Rabinovich (Cedars-Sinai Medical Center)
#2Daniel B. PolatschH-Index: 13
Last. Steven BeldnerH-Index: 10
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The basal joint complex of the thumb provides the framework necessary for function of the human hand. Although its unique saddle articulation allows for a wide range of motion necessary for routine function of the hand, it is rendered inherently unstable because of poor bony congruency and reliance on its capsuloligamentous support. Painful instability of this joint can stem from several causes including traumatic dislocation, various hypermobility conditions, and chronic overuse and microtrauma...
OBJECTIVES Accurately stratifying patients in the preoperative period according to mortality risk informs treatment considerations and guides adjustments to bundled reimbursements. We developed and compared three machine learning models to determine which best predicts 30-day mortality after hip fracture. METHODS The 2016 to 2017 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program for hip fracture (AO/OTA 31-A-B-C) procedure-targeted data were analyzed. Three models-artificial neural network, naive Ba...
BACKGROUND Despite advances in computer-assisted knee arthroplasty (CAKA), little is known about the uptake of this technology in recent years. We aimed to explore the utilization trends and practice variation of CAKA from 2010 to 2017 and investigate the predictors of CAKA adoption. METHODS Patients undergoing conventional knee arthroplasty and CAKA were identified from the states of New York and Florida's administrative databases using the International Classification of Diseases version 9 and...
#1Michelle Kavin (Thomas Jefferson University)H-Index: 1
#2Michael YayacH-Index: 7
Last. P. Maxwell CourtneyH-Index: 13
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Introduction Studies have shown that patients with diabetes mellitus are at an increased risk for complications and higher episode-of-care costs after total hip (THA) and total knee arthroplasties (TKA), but the effect of poor glycemic control on episode-of-care costs has yet to be addressed in the literature. The purpose of this study was to determine whether patients with a higher preoperative hemoglobin A1c have increased episode-of-care costs in diabetic patients undergoing THA and TKA. Meth...
Distal radius fractures (DRFs) are some of the most commonly encountered fractures, and the incidence is increasing. Optimal treatment remains controversial. Critical evaluation of the initial imaging is necessary to recognize fracture characteristics and stability. The fracture pattern, injury mechanism, soft-tissue injury, patient characteristics, and surgeon preference are generally taken into consideration when choosing the most appropriate modality. Volar plating has become the workhorse of...
#1Elina Huerfano (Universidad del Rosario)H-Index: 1
#2Maria BautistaH-Index: 5
Last. Juan Manuel NossaH-Index: 2
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INTRODUCTION Posterolateral approach (PA) has been historically associated with an increased risk of dislocation after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA), especially when compared with the direct anterior approach (DAA). However, current evidence is inconsistent regarding the risk of dislocation with either approach. The purpose of this study is to determine whether surgical approach influences joint stability. METHODS A systematic search in PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase databases was performed....
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