Chenjian Gu
Fudan University
GeneHomeoboxFusion proteinInterleukin 21Cell migrationDDB1Viral replicationPathologyGene expressionMolecular biologyCytotoxic T cellFOXA1VirologyAntibodyRegulation of gene expressionRNA interferenceCD8Gene knockdownSterile alpha motifExogenous DNAChemistrycccDNASmall hairpin RNAIn vitroPlasmidVirusUbiquitinViral life cycleHBeAgCytopathic effectT cellInterferonSAMHD1ChemotherapyStimulator of interferon genesHBsAgMelanomaSkin cancerHepatocellular carcinomaAdeno-associated virusNeovascularizationMetastasisStingPorphyrinProtoporphyrin IXAngiogenesisHepatitis B virusVerteporfinViral ReceptorIRF1Transcription (biology)ABCB5Recombinant DNACancer researchTransfectionMonoclonal antibodyDNAHBxRNAInterleukin 8RegulatorMedicineLinear epitopeCell cultureBiologyCell biologyEC50Pharmacology
10Publications
4H-index
49Citations
Publications 12
Newest
Rapid screening of infected individuals from a large population is an effective means in epidemiology, especially to contain outbreaks such as COVID-19. The gold standard assays for COVID-19 diagnostics are mainly based on the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, which mismatches the requirements for wide-population screening due to time-consuming nucleic acid extraction and amplification procedures. Here, we report a direct nucleic acid assay by using a graphene field-effect transis...
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Massive production of efficacious SARS-CoV-2 vaccines is essential for controlling the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. We report here the preclinical development of yeast-produced receptor-binding domain (RBD)-based recombinant protein SARS-CoV-2 vaccines. We found that monomeric RBD of SARS-CoV-2 could be efficiently produced as a secreted protein from transformed Pichia pastoris (P. pastoris) yeast. Yeast-derived RBD-monomer possessed functional conformation and was able to elicit protective level ...
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The SARS-CoV-2 infection is spreading rapidly worldwide. Efficacious antiviral therapeutics against SARS-CoV-2 is urgently needed. Here, we discovered that protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) and verteporfin, two FDA-approved drugs, completely inhibited the cytopathic effect produced by SARS-CoV-2 infection at 1.25 µmol/Land 0.31 µmol/L respectively, and their EC50 values of reduction of viral RNA were at nanomolar concentrations. The selectivity indices of PpIX and verteporfin were 952.74 and 368.93, resp...
12 CitationsSource
Abstract Chronic infection of hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a high risk factor for hepatic diseases, such as liver fibrosis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Non-responders and hyporesponders to HBV vaccine are not protected from HBV infection. Patients that achieve autonomous or treatment-induced recovery are at risk of reactivation due to persistence of HBV covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) in hepatocytes. Interleukin 21 (IL-21) is a key regulator of HBV clearance in mouse models of ...
1 CitationsSource
Abstract DNA transfection is routinely used for delivering expression of gene of interest to target cells. Transfected DNA has been known to activate cellular DNA sensor(s) and innate immune responses, but the effects of such responses on transfected DNA are not fully understood. STING (stimulator of interferon genes) is an important adaptor protein in cellular innate immune response to various DNA and RNA stimuli and upon activation induces significant type I interferon responses. In this work,...
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#1Chao Zhang (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 28
#2Yifan Wang (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 5
Last. Zhong Huang (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 29
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The ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Neutralizing antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 are an option for drug development for treating COVID-19. Here, we report the identification and characterization of two groups of mouse neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) targeting the receptor-binding domain (RBD) on the SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) protein. MAbs 2H2 and 3C1, representing the two antibody groups, respec...
21 CitationsSource
Abstract SAMHD1 (Sterile Alpha Motif and Histidine-aspartate Domain containing protein 1) has been documented as a host factor that restricts HIV-1 and some DNA viruses. In this work, we attempted to explore possible effects of SAMHD1 on exogenous DNA and show that SAMHD1 exerts a general inhibition on the expression of exogenous DNA in vitro and in mice. This inhibition is achieved through repressing transcription of exogenous DNA. Intriguingly, unlike SAMHD1’s restriction of HIV-1, such restri...
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Hepatitis B virus (HBV) X protein (HBx) plays diverse roles in both viral life cycle and HBV-related carcinogenesis. Its interaction with DNA damage-binding protein 1 (DDB1) was shown to be essential for engendering cellular conditions favorable for optimal viral transcription and replication. Previously, we described a mouse monoclonal antibody against HBx (anti-HBx 2A7) recognizing HBx encoded by representative strains from 7 of 8 known HBV genotypes. In this work, we further characterized 2A7...
2 CitationsSource
: Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a global public health problem. HBV-encoded X protein (HBx) is a multifunctional regulator that is required to initiate and maintain productive HBV infection, and is involved in HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Inhibitors that interfere with the functions of HBx could be useful not only for the inhibition of HBV replication but also for the prevention or treatment of HBV-related HCC. To screen molecules that target HBx on a large sca...
2 CitationsSource
Angiogenesis has been proven to play an important role in the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the molecular mechanism underlying HCC angiogenesis is not well understood. In this study, Prospero-related homeobox 1 (PROX1) was identified as a novel proangiogenic factor in HCC cell lines and tissues. A strong positive correlation was found between the levels of PROX1 and microvessel density in HCC tissues. Knockdown of PROX1 expression in HCC cells significantly inhibited th...
21 CitationsSource