Kathryn L. Ossenfort
Tufts University
Valence (psychology)PsychiatrySelection (linguistics)FeelingStressorDevelopmental psychologyAssociation (psychology)Stimulus (physiology)Pupillary responseNeurophysiologyEye movementPsychologyOlfactionCognitionVisual perceptionCognitive psychologyInteractive mediaPsychophysiologyDisengagement theoryDysfunctional familyOxytocinCognitive reappraisalDistractionCognitive appraisalAvolitionOdorAnhedoniaInternational Affective Picture SystemAsocialityPsychosisGazeTask (project management)MoodSchizophrenic PsychologyVisual attentionAge groupsReward valueYounger adultsGroup differencesProgressive ratioStress reactivityPsychological aspectsAge differencesAge relatedSelf-controlArousalElectroencephalographyAudiologyEye trackingEvent-related potentialClinical psychologySchizophrenia
Publications 11
#1Kathryn L. Ossenfort (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 4
#2Molly Sands (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 4
Last. Derek M. Isaacowitz (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 40
view all 3 authors...
Objectives: Most studies of emotion regulation across the lifespan have focused on how individuals manage their emotions during or after emotional events. However the current study examined how ant...
1 CitationsSource
Prior research indicates that individuals with schizophrenia (SZ) display emotion regulation abnormalities that are critically linked to increased symptom severity and poor functional outcome. However, processes contributing to the aberrant implementation of various strategies are unclear. The current study took a multimodal approach to identifying mechanisms underlying the impaired implementation of 2 strategies: reappraisal and distraction. Participants included 25 individuals with SZ and 25 h...
#1Kathryn L. Ossenfort (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 4
#2Julia A. Harris (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 2
Last. Derek M. Isaacowitz (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 40
view all 4 authors...
AbstractObjectives: Cognitive reappraisal is an emotion regulation strategy that involves the adaptive restructuring of one’s thoughts surrounding an emotionally evocative stimulus. Previous studie...
2 CitationsSource
#1Kathryn L. Ossenfort (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 4
#2Derek M. Isaacowitz (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 40
#1Kathryn L. Ossenfort (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 4
#2Derek M. Isaacowitz (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 40
Abstract. Research on age differences in media usage has shown that older adults are more likely than younger adults to select positive emotional content. Research on emotional aging has examined whether older adults also seek out positivity in the everyday situations they choose, resulting so far in mixed results. We investigated the emotional choices of different age groups using video games as a more interactive type of affect-laden stimuli. Participants made multiple selections from a group ...
3 CitationsSource
#1Derek M. Isaacowitz (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 40
#2Kathryn L. Ossenfort (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 4
Studies of age differences in affective experience tend to report positive age trends. Studies of attentional deployment also tend to find older individuals attending more to positive and less to negative stimuli. However, everyday entertainment choices seem to vary by age more in terms of meaningfulness and value than by valence. Relatively few age differences emerge in the valence of choices made in situation selection tasks, though older adults avoid arousal. Thus, both younger and older adul...
4 CitationsSource
#1Gregory P. Strauss (Binghamton University)H-Index: 41
#2Kathryn L. Ossenfort (Binghamton University)H-Index: 4
Last. Kayla M. Whearty (Binghamton University)H-Index: 3
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Multiple emotion regulation strategies have been identified and found to differ in their effectiveness at decreasing negative emotions. One reason for this might be that individual strategies are associated with differing levels of cognitive demand and require distinct patterns of visual attention to achieve their effects. In the current study, we tested this hypothesis in a sample of psychiatrically healthy participants (n = 25) who attempted to down-regulate negative emotion to photographs fro...
35 CitationsSource
#1Gregory P. Strauss (Binghamton University)H-Index: 41
#2Kayla M. Whearty (Binghamton University)H-Index: 3
Last. Katherine H. Frost (Binghamton University)H-Index: 6
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Abstract The current study examined whether effort-cost computation was associated with negative symptoms of schizophrenia (SZ). Participants included outpatients diagnosed with SZ (n = 27) and demographically matched healthy controls (n = 32) who completed a Progressive Ratio task that required incrementally greater amounts of physical effort to obtain monetary reward. Breakpoint, the point at which participants was no longer willing to exert effort for a certain reward value, was examined as a...
54 CitationsSource
#1Gregory P. Strauss (Binghamton University)H-Index: 41
#2Emily S. Kappenman (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 23
Last. James M. Gold (UMB: University of Maryland, Baltimore)H-Index: 102
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Previous research provides evidence that individuals with schizophrenia (SZ) have emotion regulation abnormalities, particularly when attempting to use reappraisal to decrease negative emotion. The current study extended this literature by examining the effectiveness of a different form of emotion regulation, directed attention, which has been shown to be effective at reducing negative emotion in healthy individuals. Participants included outpatients with SZ (n = 28) and healthy controls (CN: n ...
32 CitationsSource