Nicolas Sommet
University of Lausanne
Competence (human resources)Social classMental healthDevelopmental psychologySocial psychology (sociology)Mathematics educationSelf-determination theoryPsychologyNeed for achievementInterpersonal communicationSelfSocializationPerceptionTest (assessment)Context (language use)Open dataCompetition (economics)Academic achievementCompliance (psychology)Social utilityGeneral psychologyObject (philosophy)Demographic economicsPhenomenonEconomic inequalityCoping (psychology)GerontologySocial psychology
26Publications
8H-index
260Citations
Publications 25
Newest
#1Nicolas Sommet (UNIL: University of Lausanne)H-Index: 8
Although competence-relevant activities (e.g., solving an academic problem) are often embedded in interpersonal (e.g., classroom), hierarchical (e.g., teacher/pupils), and norm-/value-specific (e.g., culture) settings, the study of performance goals—the desire to demonstrate competence relative to others—has mostly been conducted at the intrapersonal level alone. Drawing on the transactional model of stress and coping, the circumplex model of interpersonal behaviors, as well as on the conflict e...
#1Nicolas Sommet (UNIL: University of Lausanne)H-Index: 8
#2Céline Darnon (Blaise Pascal University)H-Index: 24
Last. Fabrizio Butera (UNIL: University of Lausanne)H-Index: 33
view all 3 authors...
Despite the fact that most competence-relevant settings are socially relevant settings, the interpersonal effects of achievement goals have been understudied. This is all the more surprising in the case of performance goals, for which self-competence is assessed using an other-referenced standard. In the present research, performance goals are conceived as a social tool for regulating interpersonal behaviors with more-competent others. In the confrontation with a more- (vs. equally) competent di...
23 CitationsSource
#1Nicolas Sommet (UNIL: University of Lausanne)H-Index: 8
#2Céline Darnon (Blaise Pascal University)H-Index: 24
Last. Fabrizio Butera (UNIL: University of Lausanne)H-Index: 33
view all 7 authors...
Socio-cognitiveconflicthasbeendefinedasasituationofconfrontationwithadisagreeing other. Previous researchsuggests that individuals can regulateconflict in arelational way, namely by focusing on social comparison between relative levels of competences. Relational conflict regulation has been described as yielding particularly negative effects on social interactions and learning, but has been understudied. The present research addresses the question of the origin of relational conflict regulation ...
26 CitationsSource
#1Nicolas Sommet (UNIL: University of Lausanne)H-Index: 8
#2Caroline Pulfrey (UNIL: University of Lausanne)H-Index: 10
Last. Fabrizio Butera (UNIL: University of Lausanne)H-Index: 33
view all 3 authors...
Exams with numerus clausus are very common in Medicine, Business Administration and Law. They are intended to select a predefined number of academic candidates on the basis of their rank rather than their absolute performance. Various scholars and politicians believe that numerus clausus policies are a vector of academic excellence. We argue, however, that they could have ironic epistemic effects. In comparison with selective policies based on criterion-based evaluations, selection via numerus c...
11 CitationsSource
#1Nicolas Sommet (UNIL: University of Lausanne)H-Index: 8
#2Céline DarnonH-Index: 24
Last. Fabrizio Butera (UNIL: University of Lausanne)H-Index: 33
view all 3 authors...
Cedric et Stephane sont deux etudiants en premiere annee de Psychologie. Lors d’une seance de travaux pratiques, ils cherchent la cause du trouble bipolaire. Cedric avance que l’origine est d’ordre genetique, tandis que Stephane pense qu’elle est a chercher dans l’environnement social du patient. Que va faire Cedric ? Va-t-il se replonger dans ses cours de psychopathologie pour comprendre l’etiologie du trouble ? Ou va-t-il essayer d’affirmer la superiorite de son opinion sur celle de Stephane ?...
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