Emma Blakey
University of Sheffield
Motion (physics)Agency (philosophy)Counterfactual thinkingChild developmentSkin conductanceFeelingDevelopmental psychologyCognitive developmentSense of agencySocioeconomic statusPsychologyCausal inferenceInterval temporal logicCausationRandomized controlled trialCognitionTime perceptionVoluntary actionTask analysisVisual perceptionShort-term memoryCognitive psychologyExpectancy theoryCausalityInterval estimationWorking memoryPerceptionExecutive functionsOrder (business)Relaxation (psychology)DistractionEvent (relativity)Brief interventionEarly childhoodRocket launchAction (philosophy)CashTinglingInhibitory controlOutcome (probability)Session (web analytics)MEDLINEAutonomous sensory meridian responseCognitive trainingContext (language use)ArrowLinguistic distanceTask (project management)Developmental profilePerseverationObject (grammar)BiculturalismDiversity (politics)Training programAuditory stimuliPublic attentionButton pressMathematical abilityFalse beliefCorrect responseCausal knowledgeHand movementsMean ageAffect (psychology)Interval (music)Motion perceptionNeuroscience of multilingualismPhenomenonAudiologyCognitive flexibilityFunction (engineering)Property (programming)Acculturation
Publications 14
#1Daniel J. CarrollH-Index: 11
#2Emma BlakeyH-Index: 5
Last. Andrew SimpsonH-Index: 18
view all 3 authors...
Changing the way children make their response appears to sometimes, but not always, boost their inhibitory control – though interpreting existing findings is hampered by inconsistent methods and results. This study investigated the effects of delaying, and changing, the means of responding. Ninety-six preschoolers (mean age 46 months) completed tasks assessing inhibitory control, counterfactual reasoning, strategic reasoning, and false belief understanding. Children responded either immediately ...
The idea that being bilingual benefits one's cognitive development and performance has been greatly challenged over the last years. If such an effect exists, as some studies continue to show, it might actually be restricted to particular contexts and bilingual profiles; not unlikely, considering the enormous diversity in the latter across the world. In this study, we assessed 4 different bilingual populations (N = 201) and 2 monolingual populations (N = 105), in the Balkan region. We formed bili...
#1Sara Lorimer ('QUB': Queen's University Belfast)H-Index: 2
#2Teresa McCormack ('QUB': Queen's University Belfast)H-Index: 29
Last. Marc J. Buehner (Cardiff University)H-Index: 19
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Temporal binding refers to a phenomenon whereby the time interval between a cause and its effect is perceived as shorter than the same interval separating two unrelated events. We examined the developmental profile of this phenomenon by comparing the performance of groups of children (aged 6-7-, 7-8-, and 9-10- years) and adults on a novel interval estimation task. In Experiment 1, participants made judgments about the time interval between i) their button press and a rocket launch, and ii) a no...
2 CitationsSource
#1Christoph Hoerl (Warw.: University of Warwick)H-Index: 22
#2Sara Lorimer ('QUB': Queen's University Belfast)H-Index: 2
Last. Marc J. Buehner (Cardiff University)H-Index: 19
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In temporal binding, the temporal interval between one event and another, occurring some time later, is subjectively compressed. We discuss two ways in which temporal binding has been conceptualized. In studies showing temporal binding between a voluntary action and its causal consequences, such binding is typically interpreted as providing a measure of an implicit or pre-reflective “sense of agency”. However, temporal binding has also been observed in contexts not involving voluntary action, bu...
3 CitationsSource
#1Emma Blakey (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 5
#2Danielle Matthews (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 19
Last. Daniel J. Carroll (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 11
view all 10 authors...
The socioeconomic attainment gap in mathematics starts early and increases over time. The present study aimed to examine why this gap exists. Four-year-olds from diverse backgrounds were randomly allocated to a brief intervention designed to improve executive functions (N=87) or to an active control group (N=88). The study was pre-registered and followed CONSORT guidelines. Executive functions and mathematical skills were measured at baseline, one week, three months, six months and one year post...
2 CitationsSource
#1Emma C. Tecwyn (Cardiff University)H-Index: 5
#2Christos Bechlivanidis (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 5
Last. Marc J. Buehner (Cardiff University)H-Index: 19
view all 8 authors...
Although it has long been known that time is a cue to causation, recent work with adults has demonstrated that causality can also influence the experience of time. In causal reordering (Bechlivanidis & Lagnado, 2013, 2016) adults tend to report the causally consistent order of events, rather than the correct temporal order. Across four experiments, 4- to 10-year-old children (N=813) and adults (N=178) watched a 3-object Michotte-style ‘pseudocollision’. While the canonical version of the clip wo...
1 CitationsSource
#1Emma Blakey (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 5
#2Emma C. Tecwyn (Cardiff University)H-Index: 5
Last. Marc J. Buehner (Cardiff University)H-Index: 19
view all 7 authors...
It is well-established that the temporal proximity of two events is a fundamental cue to causality. Recent research with adults has shown that this relation is bidirectional: events that are believed to be causally related are perceived as occurring closer together in time—the so-called temporal binding effect. Here we examined the developmental origins of temporal binding. Participants predicted when an event that was either caused by a button press, or preceded by a non-causal signal, would oc...
9 CitationsSource
#1Thomas J. Hostler (MMU: Manchester Metropolitan University)H-Index: 2
#2Giulia Poerio (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 12
Last. Emma Blakey (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 5
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Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) – the sensory phenomenon experienced by some people in response to visual and auditory stimuli such as whispering – has attracted substantial public attention but is not yet well-understood or well-established within the scientific community. Recent research published in PeerJ by Cash, Heisick, & Papesh (2018) investigated whether ASMR could be a placebo effect (resulting from expectation) rather than a genuine experience triggered by ASMR-inducing sti...
2 CitationsSource
#1Giulia Poerio (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 12
#2Emma Blakey (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 5
Last. Theresa Veltri (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 2
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Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) describes the experience of tingling sensations in the crown of the head, in response to a range of audio-visual triggers such as whispering, tapping, and hand movements. Public interest in ASMR has risen dramatically and ASMR experiencers watch ASMR videos to promote relaxation and sleep. Unlike ostensibly similar emotional experiences such as “aesthetic chills” from music and awe-inspiring scenarios, the psychological basis of ASMR has not yet been e...
45 CitationsSource
#1Emma Blakey (Cardiff University)H-Index: 5
#2Daniel J. Carroll (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 11
When switching between tasks, preschoolers frequently make distraction errors – as distinct from perseverative errors. This study examines for the first time why preschoolers make these errors. One hundred and sixty-four two- and three-year-olds completed one of four different conditions on a rule-switching task where children sorted stimuli according to one rule and then switched to a new rule. Conditions varied according to the type of information that children needed to ignore. Children made ...
4 CitationsSource