Ruth Filik
University of Nottingham
Eye movementArtificial intelligencePsychologyCognitionCognitive psychologyNatural language processingPerceptionSarcasmFocus (linguistics)SentencePronounIronyContext (language use)Sentence processingLinguisticsLiteral and figurative languageComprehensionReading (process)Eye trackingSocial psychology
68Publications
23H-index
1,270Citations
Publications 73
Newest
#1Michael G. Cutter (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 5
#2Kevin B. Paterson (University of Leicester)H-Index: 22
Last. Ruth Filik (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 23
view all 3 authors...
Proponents of good-enough processing suggest that readers often (mis)interpret certain sentences using fast-and-frugal heuristics, such that for non-canonical sentences (e.g. The dog was bitten by the man) people confuse the thematic roles of the nouns. We tested this theory by examining the effect of sentence canonicality on the reading of a follow-up sentence. In a self-paced reading study 60 young and 60 older adults read an implausible sentence in either canonical (e.g. It was the peasant th...
Source
#1Charlotte Garcia (University of Nottingham)
#2Alexandra Țurcan (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 3
Last. Ruth Filik (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 23
view all 4 authors...
Abstract null null There is evidence for an age-related decline in the ability to understand non-literal language such as sarcasm. There is also evidence to suggest that devices such as emoticons/emojis may influence sarcasm comprehension in younger adults. However, research examining whether such devices may improve written sarcasm comprehension in older adults is scarce. The present study used an online rating task to investigate the influence of the winking face emoji on both the interpretati...
Source
#1Christina Ralph-Nearman (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 2
#2Madison A. Hooper (Vandy: Vanderbilt University)
Last. Ruth Filik (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 23
view all 3 authors...
Eating disorder prevalence is increasing in males, perhaps more rapidly than in females. Theorists have proposed that cognitive biases are important factors underpinning disordered eating, especially those related to food, body, and perfectionism. We investigated these factors in relation to males' eating disorder symptomatology in the general population by using eye-tracking during reading as a novel and implicit measure. 180 males' eye movements were monitored while they read scenarios (third-...
Source
Eating disorder prevalence is increasing in males, perhaps more rapidly than in females. Theorists have proposed that cognitive biases are important factors underpinning disordered eating, especial...
#1Michael G. Cutter (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 5
#2Kevin B. Paterson (University of Leicester)H-Index: 22
Last. Ruth Filik (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 23
view all 3 authors...
In a self-paced reading study, we investigated whether older adults maintain a greater level of uncertainty about the identity of words in a sentence than younger adults, potentially due to deficits in visuo-perceptual processing of high-spatial frequencies associated with normal aging. In the experiment, 60 older adults and 60 younger adults read sentences in which an early preposition was either perceptually confusable with another word (at; confusable with as) or not (toward), and in which th...
Source
#1Ruth Filik (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 23
#2Joanne Ingram (University of the West of Scotland)H-Index: 3
Last. Hartmut Leuthold (University of Tübingen)H-Index: 40
view all 4 authors...
According to the Presupposition-Denial Account, complement set reference arises when focus is on the shortfall between the amount conveyed by a natural language quantifier and a larger, expected amount. Negative quantifiers imply a shortfall, through the denial of a presupposition, whereas positive quantifiers do not. An exception may be provided by irony. One function of irony is to highlight, through indirect negation, the shortfall between what is expected/desired, and what is observed. Thus,...
Source
#1Dominic Thompson (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 31
#2Hartmut Leuthold (University of Tübingen)H-Index: 40
Last. Ruth Filik (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 23
view all 3 authors...
Ironic language is typically more difficult to process and interpret than a literal equivalent, hence is assumed to serve several social and emotional functions not achieved by literal communication (such as politeness or introducing humor). Several factors may influence emotional responses to irony, such as the perspective from which the utterance is encountered (e.g., speaker vs. target) and the tone of voice (prosody) used. To examine these issues, we conducted two event-related brain potenti...
Source
#1Shreyasi Desai (University of Nottingham)
#2Janet F. McLean (Abertay University)H-Index: 20
Last. Ruth Filik (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 23
view all 4 authors...
Abstract This paper investigates how individuals perceive hyperbole in victim statements. Despite being one of the most commonly used literary tropes, the comprehension and cognition of hyperbole has been largely ignored in the psycholinguistics literature, and despite detailed literature outlining the emotional behaviour of victims, the use of figurative language has been largely ignored in the forensics literature. In the present study, two experiments were undertaken. In Experiment 1, 32 part...
Source
#1Christina Ralph-Nearman (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 5
#2Hung-Wen Yeh (Children's Mercy Hospital)H-Index: 8
Last. Ruth Filik (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 23
view all 5 authors...
Low body mass index (BMI<18/18.5) is utilized as a mandated cutoff for professional fashion model employment, based on assumptions that low BMI indicates eating disorder pathology. No previous studies have examined the association between experimenter-measured BMI and eating disorder symptomatology in professional fashion models. We measured BMI and Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) responses in United Kingdom (UK) professional fashion models, and nonmodels. Characteristics were ...
Source
This website uses cookies.
We use cookies to improve your online experience. By continuing to use our website we assume you agree to the placement of these cookies.
To learn more, you can find in our Privacy Policy.