Judith Bernstein
Boston University
PsychiatryInternal medicinePublic healthPsychologyNursingHealth careRandomized controlled trialPsychological interventionReferralBrief interventionMotivational interviewingInfertilityDrugIntervention (counseling)Emergency departmentPopulationPoison controlSubstance abuseFamily medicineMedical emergencyClinical psychologyMedicine
Publications 96
#1Emily F. Rothman (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 28
#2Lauren A. Wise (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 64
Last. Judith Bernstein (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 28
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The goals of this study were to examine the relationship between age at first drink and age at first sex among an emergency department sample of Black, Hispanic, and White adolescents (N = 1,1110) and to assess two sexual behavior-related consequences of underage drinking. The authors used multivariable linear regression to analyze data from a self-reported survey. Age at first sex decreased linearly with decreasing age at first drink (p < .001) for all adolescents in the sample. In analyses str...
61 CitationsSource
In primary care, the data are in and the case is closed: screening and brief intervention reduces alcohol consumption. Screening and brief intervention received the US Preventive Services Task Force seal of approval in 2004, and the Committee on Trauma of the American College of Surgeons requires documentation of universal alcohol screening and brief intervention for Level I and II certification. The federal government has spent more than $180 million on state screening and brief intervention gr...
64 CitationsSource
#1Edward Bernstein (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 30
#2Judith Bernstein (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 28
Last. Gail D'Onofrio (Yale University)H-Index: 53
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229 CitationsSource
#1Edward Bernstein (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 30
#2Judith Bernstein (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 28
Last. Patricia H. Owens (Yale University)H-Index: 30
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OBJECTIVE: Emergency Departments (EDs) offer an opportunity to improve the care of patients with at-risk and dependent drinking by teaching staff to screen, perform brief intervention and refer to treatment (SBIRT). We describe here the implementation at 14 Academic EDs of a structured SBIRT curriculum to determine if this learning experience improves provider beliefs and practices. METHODS: ED faculty, residents, nurses, physician extenders, social workers, and Emergency Medical Technicians (EM...
120 CitationsSource
#1Judith Bernstein (Brandeis University)H-Index: 28
#1Judith Y. Bernstein (Brandeis University)H-Index: 1
Last. Ralph Hingson (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 66
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This study describes differences in health care utilization and recorded diagnoses in a racially and ethnically diverse sample of 1175 out-of-treatment patients who screened positive for heroin and cocaine use during an outpatient visit to a drop-in clinic at an urban hospital. Blacks averaged more ED visits than Whites and higher average yearly ED charges than Hispanics (1,991 vs. ,603). Charges over two years totaled $6,111, 660. Blacks were most likely to be diagnosed with injury, hyperten...
10 CitationsSource
#1Edward Bernstein (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 30
#2Judith BernsteinH-Index: 28
Last. Ralph HingsonH-Index: 66
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Knowledge about the meanings and consequences of behaviors associated with drug use among diverse populations is essential for developing effective public health and clinical strategies. In this study we identify racial/ethnic variations in patterns of drug use, Addiction Severity Index (ASI) scores, response to intervention, concordance between self-report of drug use and biochemical confirmation, and treatment system contacts in a sample of 1175 out-of-treatment cocaine and heroin users drawn ...
20 CitationsSource
#1Katherine Tassiopoulos (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 22
#2Judith Bernstein (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 28
Last. Edward Bernstein (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 30
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Lack of disclosure of substance use is common in research and treatment settings and is frequently higher at follow-up than at baseline interviews. The aim of this study was to determine predictors of cocaine use disclosure at follow-up among 525 individuals who reported and tested positive for baseline use. Measurements included self-reported quantity and frequency of use, and hair analysis by radioimmune assay. Forty-two percent of individuals with biochemical evidence of continued cocaine use...
18 CitationsSource
#1Edward Bernstein (BMC: Boston Medical Center)H-Index: 30
#2Judith Bernstein (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 28
Last. Gary M. Gaddis (Mount Sinai St. Luke's and Mount Sinai Roosevelt)H-Index: 15
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6 CitationsSource
#1Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi (Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science)H-Index: 37
#2Eric G. BingH-Index: 26
Last. Edward BernsteinH-Index: 30
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Study objective This study tests the effect of a brief intervention with emergency department (ED) patients to reduce at-risk drinking. Methods We enrolled patients aged 18 years or older who screened positive for at-risk drinking in an urban academic ED and used alternative allocation to assign them to control or intervention status. A 20-minute, semiscripted, negotiated interview was conducted with the intervention group in English and Spanish by 3 health promotion advocates (peer educators). ...
116 CitationsSource
Edward Bernstein, MD Judith Bernstein, RNC, PhD From the Department of Emergency Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine (E. Bernstein); the Department of Maternal and Child Health, Boston University School of Public Health (J. Bernstein); and the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Youth Alcohol Prevention Center, Boston University of Public Health (E. Bernstein, J. Bernstein), Boston, MA.
5 CitationsSource