Daniel L. Schacter
Harvard University
RecallExplicit memoryDevelopmental psychologyAutobiographical memoryImplicit memoryPsychologyNeuroscienceCognitionCognitive psychologyCognitive scienceSemantic memoryMemoriaAmnesiaFalse memoryFunctional magnetic resonance imagingHippocampusPrefrontal cortexPriming (psychology)Social psychologyEpisodic memoryRecognition memory
Publications 646
#1Lucie Bréchet (Harvard University)
#1Lucie Bréchet (Harvard University)H-Index: 5
Last. Alvaro Pascual-Leone (Harvard University)H-Index: 183
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We review the latest evidence from animal models, studies in humans using electrophysiology, experimental memory paradigms, and non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS), in the form of transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), suggesting that the altered activity in networks that contribute to the autobiographical memory (ABM) deficits may be modifiable. ABM involves a specific brain network of interacting regions that store and retrieve life experiences. Deficits in ABM are early sympto...
#1Alexis C. Carpenter (Harvard University)H-Index: 4
#2Preston P. Thakral (BC: Boston College)H-Index: 15
Last. Daniel L. Schacter (Harvard University)H-Index: 170
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Abstract Flexible retrieval mechanisms that allow us to infer relationships across events may also lead to memory errors or distortion when details of one event are misattributed to the related event. Here, we tested how making successful inferences alters representation of overlapping events, leading to false memories. Participants encoded overlapping associations (‘AB’ and ‘BC’), each of which was superimposed on different indoor and outdoor scenes that were pre-exposed prior to associative le...
#1Preston P. Thakral (Harvard University)H-Index: 15
#2Amanda C Yang (Harvard University)
Last. Daniel L. Schacter (Harvard University)H-Index: 170
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Divergent thinking (the ability to generate creative ideas by combining diverse types of information) has been previously linked to the ability to imagine novel and specific future autobiographical events. Here, we examined whether divergent thinking is differentially associated with the ability to construct novel imagined future events and recast future events (i.e., actual past events recast as future events) as opposed to recalled past events. We also examined whether different types of creat...
In an analysis of memory systems, Sherry and Schacter (Psychological Review, 94, 439-454, 1987) emphasized the importance of functional and evolutionary considerations for characterizing mechanisms of memory. The present article considers four different yet closely related topics from more recent research in which similar considerations have played a prominent role in shaping both experiment and theory: the seven sins of memory, mechanisms underlying memory misattribution errors, the role of mem...
#1Jordana S. WynnH-Index: 7
Last. Daniel L. SchacterH-Index: 170
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#1Aleea L. Devitt (University of Waikato)H-Index: 6
#1Aleea L. Devitt (University of Waikato)
Last. Daniel L. Schacter (Harvard University)H-Index: 170
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Affective future thinking allows us to prepare for future outcomes, but we know little about neural representation of emotional future simulations. We used a multi-voxel pattern analysis to determine whether patterns of neural activity can reliably distinguish between positive and negative future simulations. Neural patterning in the anterior cingulate and ventromedial prefrontal cortices distinguished positive from negative future simulations, indicating that these regions code for the emotiona...
#1Adam Bulley (Harvard University)H-Index: 11
#2Daniel L. Schacter (Harvard University)H-Index: 170
Ainslie offers an encompassing and compelling account of willpower, although his big-picture view comes occasionally at the cost of low resolution. We comment on ambiguity in the metacognitive and prospective mechanisms of resolve implicated in recursive self-prediction. We hope to show both the necessity and promise of specifying testable cognitive mechanisms of willpower.
#1Adrian W. GilmoreH-Index: 21
#2Alina QuachH-Index: 1
Last. Alex Martin (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 8
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The necessity of the human hippocampus for remote autobiographical recall remains fiercely debated. The standard model of consolidation predicts a time-limited role for the hippocampus, but the competing multiple trace/trace transformation theories posit indefinite involvement. Lesion evidence remains inconclusive, and the inferences one can draw from functional MRI (fMRI) have been limited by reliance on covert (silent) recall, which obscures dynamic, moment-to-moment content of retrieved memor...
1 CitationsSource
#1Daniel L. Schacter (Harvard University)H-Index: 170
Memory serves critical functions in everyday life, but it is also vulnerable to error and illusion. Two decades ago, I proposed that memory errors could be classified into seven basic categories or "sins": transience, absent-mindedness, blocking, misattribution, suggestibility, bias, and persistence. I argued that each of the seven sins provides important insights concerning the fundamentally constructive nature of human memory, while at the same time reflecting its adaptive features. In this ar...
#1Adrian W. Gilmore (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 21
#1Adrian W. Gilmore (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 2
Last. Alex Martin (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 8
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Humans can vividly recall and re-experience events from their past, and these are commonly referred to as episodic or autobiographical memories. fMRI experiments reliably associate autobiographical event recall with activity in a network of "default" or "core" brain regions. However, as prior studies have relied upon covert (silent) recall procedures, current understanding may be hampered by methodological limitations that obscure dynamic effects supporting moment-to-moment content retrieval. He...
2 CitationsSource