Robert P. Chilcott
University of Hertfordshire
Penetration (firestop)Human decontaminationContaminationSurgeryAbsorption (skin)ChemistryIn vitroIn vivoHuman skinNerve agentSomanSulfur mustardMass-casualty incidentMass CasualtyChemical Warfare AgentsSkin surfaceChromatographyMedicineTransepidermal water lossPharmacology
92Publications
23H-index
1,358Citations
Publications 92
Newest
#1Hazem MatarH-Index: 2
#2Robert P. ChilcottH-Index: 23
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#1Touraj Ehtezazi (LJMU: Liverpool John Moores University)H-Index: 13
#2David G Evans (LJMU: Liverpool John Moores University)H-Index: 1
Last. Robert P. Chilcott (University of Hertfordshire)H-Index: 23
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Introduction The objectives were to characterise the particle size distribution of aerosols generated by standard dental aerosol generating procedures (AGPs) and to assess the impact of aerosol-management interventions on 'fallow time'. Interventions included combinations of high-volume intraoral suction (HVS[IO]), high-volume extraoral suction (HVS[EO]) and an air cleaning system (ACS).Method A sequence of six AGPs were performed on a phantom head. Real-time aerosol measurements (particle size ...
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#1Joanne LarnerH-Index: 9
#2Adam DurrantH-Index: 2
Last. Robert P. ChilcottH-Index: 23
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AbstractBackground: Established procedures for mass casualty decontamination involve the deployment of equipment for showering with water (such as the ladder pipe system [LPS] and technical deconta...
Source
#1Hazem Matar (University of Hertfordshire)H-Index: 8
#2Andreia Tavares Pinhal (University of Hertfordshire)H-Index: 3
Last. Robert P. Chilcott (University of Hertfordshire)H-Index: 23
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© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Toxicology.
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#1Robert P. Chilcott (University of Hertfordshire)H-Index: 23
#2Joanne Larner (University of Hertfordshire)H-Index: 9
Last. Joseph Reppucci (Rhode Island Department of Health)H-Index: 1
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Study objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and operational effectiveness of US federal government guidance (Primary Response Incident Scene Management [PRISM]) for the initial response phase to chemical incidents. Methods The study was performed as a large-scale exercise (Operation DOWNPOUR). Volunteers were dosed with a chemical warfare agent simulant to quantify the efficacy of different iterations of dry, ladder pipe system, or technical decontamination. Results The mo...
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#1Hazem Matar (University of Hertfordshire)H-Index: 8
#2Shirley C. Price (University of Surrey)H-Index: 17
Last. Robert P. Chilcott (University of Hertfordshire)H-Index: 23
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Abstract Background/Aims Following an incident involving toxic chemicals, deployment of countermeasures before the arrival of specialised services at the scene may provide a “therapeutic” window in which to mitigate skin absorption. Methods Five potential candidates (itaconic acid, N,N′-methylenebisacrylamide, 2-trifluoromethylacrylic acid, fuller's earth and Fast-Act®) previously found effective against a simulant (methyl salicylate) were evaluated against a 10 μL droplet of 14C-sulphur mustard...
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#1Robert P. ChilcottH-Index: 23
#2Hannah MitchellH-Index: 1
Last. Hazem MatarH-Index: 8
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AbstractObjective: The UK's Initial Operational Response (IOR) is a new process for improving the survival of multiple casualties following a chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear incident. Whilst the introduction of IOR represents a patient-focused response for ambulant casualties, there is currently no provision for disrobe and dry decontamination of nonambulant casualties. Moreover, the current specialist operational response (SOR) protocol for nonambulant casualty decontamination (al...
Source
#1Ornella CorazzaH-Index: 34
#2Robert P. ChilcottH-Index: 23
Last. Valeria CatalaniH-Index: 4
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copyright 2019 by the authors. Articles in this book are Open Access and distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which allows users to download, copy and build upon published articles, as long as the author and publisher are properly credited, which ensures maximum dissemination and a wider impact of our publications. The book as a whole is distributed by MDPI under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons license CC BY-NC-ND.
#1Robert P. Chilcott (University of Hertfordshire)H-Index: 23
#2Joanne Larner (University of Hertfordshire)H-Index: 9
Last. Hazem Matar (University of Hertfordshire)H-Index: 8
view all 3 authors...
The UK is currently in the process of implementing a modified response to chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear and hazardous material incidents that combines an initial operational response with a revision of the existing specialist operational response for ambulant casualties. The process is based on scientific evidence and focuses on the needs of casualties rather than the availability of specialist resources such as personal protective equipment, detection and monitoring instruments...
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