Simon Baron-Cohen
University of Cambridge
PsychiatryDevelopmental psychologyPsychologyNeuroscienceCognitionCognitive psychologyAutismPerceptionAsperger syndromeAutism spectrum disorderDevelopmental disorderAutism-spectrum quotientTheory of mindEmpathyPopulationAudiologyClinical psychologyMedicineSocial cognitionBiology
819Publications
196H-index
93.4kCitations
Publications 781
Newest
#1Elizabeth Weir (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 2
#2Carrie Allison (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 32
Last. Simon Baron-Cohen (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 196
view all 0 authors...
Summary null Background null Autistic individuals might be more likely to misuse substances than non-autistic individuals. Better understanding of these patterns can help clinicians identify strategies to reduce substance use, protecting physical and mental health. The aim of this study was to compare the experiences of substance use between autistic and non-autistic adolescents and adults. null Methods null This study is a mixed-methods study, including both quantitative (closed-ended questions...
Source
#1Tslil Simantov (BGU: Ben-Gurion University of the Negev)
#2Alexa Pohl (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 6
Last. Florina Uzefovsky (BGU: Ben-Gurion University of the Negev)H-Index: 20
view all 0 authors...
The sex bias in autism diagnosis suggests the involvement of sex-specific endocrine mechanisms during prenatal development, but these hormones affect health throughout life. Therefore, the current ...
Source
#1Luis C. Farhat (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 4
#2Helena Brentani (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 30
Last. Guilherme V. Polanczyk (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 52
view all 10 authors...
Background Previous research investigating the overlap between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (henceforth, autism) symptoms in population samples have relied on latent variable modeling in which averaged scores representing dimensions were derived from observed symptoms. There are no studies evaluating how ADHD and autism symptoms interact at the level of individual symptom items. Methods We aimed to address this gap by performing a network analysis ...
Source
#1Matthew Leming (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 4
#1Matthew J. Leming (University of Cambridge)
Last. John Suckling (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 102
view all 3 authors...
BACKGROUND Autism has previously been characterized by both structural and functional differences in brain connectivity. However, while the literature on single-subject derivations of functional connectivity is extensively developed, similar methods of structural connectivity or similarity derivation from T1 MRI are less studied. METHODS We introduce a technique of deriving symmetric similarity matrices from regional histograms of grey matter volumes estimated from T1-weighted MRIs. We then vali...
Source
#1Elizabeth Weir (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 2
#2Carrie Allison (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 32
Last. Simon Baron-Cohen (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 196
view all 4 authors...
Background Studies of autistic children suggest that restricted eating, reduced physical activity, and sleep disorders are common; however, no studies attempt to broadly describe the diet, exercise, and sleep patterns of autistic adults or consider relationships between lifestyle behaviors and the widely reported increased risks of obesity and chronic conditions. To address this, the authors developed the largest study of lifestyle patterns of autistic adults and assessed their relationships to ...
Source
#1Nazia Jassim (University of Cambridge)
#2Simon Baron-Cohen (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 196
Last. John Suckling (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 102
view all 3 authors...
Abstract To date, neuroimaging research has had a limited focus on non-social features of autism. As a result, neurobiological explanations for atypical sensory perception in autism are lacking. To address this, we quantitively condensed findings from the non-social autism fMRI literature in line with the current best practices for neuroimaging meta-analyses. Using activation likelihood estimation (ALE), we conducted a series of robust meta-analyses across 83 experiments from 52 fMRI studies inv...
Source
#1Elizabeth WeirH-Index: 2
#2Carrie AllisonH-Index: 32
Last. Simon Baron-Cohen (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 196
view all 4 authors...
Autistic individuals may be at risk of premature mortality, and physical health comorbidity increases this risk; however, most studies fail to include older autistic adults or consider lifestyle-re...
1 CitationsSource
#1Emily Olafson (Douglas Mental Health University Institute)
#1Emily Olafson (Cornell University)H-Index: 1
Last. M. Mallar Chakravarty (Douglas Mental Health University Institute)H-Index: 67
view all 26 authors...
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is associated with atypical brain development. However, the phenotype of regionally specific increased cortical thickness observed in ASD may be driven by several independent biological processes that influence the gray/white matter boundary, such as synaptic pruning, myelination, or atypical migration. Here, we propose to use the boundary sharpness coefficient (BSC), a proxy for alterations in microstructure at the cortical gray/white matter boundary, to investiga...
Source
#1Caroline Mann (Goethe University Frankfurt)H-Index: 3
#2Tim Schäfer (Goethe University Frankfurt)H-Index: 4
Last. Christine Ecker (Goethe University Frankfurt)H-Index: 43
view all 13 authors...
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that is accompanied by neurodevelopmental differences in regional cortical volume (CV), and a potential layer-specific pathology. Conventional measures of CV, however, do not indicate how volume is distributed across cortical layers. In a sample of 92 typically developing (TD) controls and 92 adult individuals with ASD (aged 18-52 years), we examined volumetric gradients by quantifying the degree to which CV is weighted from...
Source
#1Dwaipayan Adhya ('KCL': King's College London)H-Index: 5
#1Dwaipayan Adhya ('KCL': King's College London)H-Index: 2
Last. Simon Baron-Cohen (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 196
view all 21 authors...
Abstract Background Autism is a heterogenous collection of disorders with a complex molecular underpinning. Evidence from post-mortem brain studies have indicated that early prenatal development may be altered in autism. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) generated from autistic individuals with macrocephaly also indicate prenatal development as a critical period for this condition. But little is known about early altered cellular events during prenatal stages in autism. Methods IPSCs were g...
8 CitationsSource