John T. Cacioppo
University of Chicago
Internal medicineSocial relationDevelopmental psychologyPsychologyNeuroscienceCognitionSocial neuroscienceCognitive psychologyCognitive sciencePsychophysiologySocial isolationHeart rateLonelinessPersuasionPopulationAffect (psychology)Clinical psychologyMedicineSocial psychologySocial cognition
Publications 488
#1Dale W. RussellH-Index: 2
#1Dale W. RussellH-Index: 16
Last. John T. Cacioppo (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 173
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: Exposure to a major traumatic stressor increases the odds of negative mental health and maladaptive behavioral outcomes not only for victims but also for 1st responders and health care professionals who are exposed to the aftermath. This study investigates the extent to which psychological resilience acts as either a Protective (i.e., vaccine-like) or an Ameliorative (i.e., antibiotic-like) factor to reduce the deleterious mental health outcomes associated with exposure to a major stressor. To...
#1Lea Ellwardt (University of Cologne)H-Index: 11
#2Rafael Wittek (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 17
Last. John T. Cacioppo (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 173
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OBJECTIVES: Integration into social networks reduces stress during adverse life-events and improves coping with disability in late life. The aim is to investigate whether social network closure (frequent contact among ties) and balance (positive contact among ties) are associated with perceived stress. We expect lowest stress for older adults with highly closed and balanced networks. METHOD: Panel data on self-reported egocentric networks stem from the population-based Chicago Health Aging and S...
2 CitationsSource
#1John T. Cacioppo (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 173
#2Jean Decety (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 131
5 Citations
#2Linda J. WaiteH-Index: 73
Last. John T. CacioppoH-Index: 173
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#1Abdel Abdellaoui (VU: VU University Amsterdam)H-Index: 40
#2Sandra Sanchez-Roige (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 22
Last. Dorret I. Boomsma (VU: VU University Amsterdam)H-Index: 184
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Humans are social animals that experience intense suffering when they perceive a lack of social connection. Modern societies are experiencing an epidemic of loneliness. While the experience of loneliness is universally human, some people report experiencing greater loneliness than others. Loneliness is more strongly associated with mortality than obesity, emphasizing the need to understand the nature of the relationship between loneliness and health. While it is intuitive that circumstantial fac...
13 CitationsSource
#1Abdel AbdellaouiH-Index: 40
#2Hsi-Yuan ChenH-Index: 3
Last. John T. CacioppoH-Index: 173
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OBJECTIVE: Loneliness is an aversive response to a discrepancy between desired and actual social relationships and correlates with personality. We investigate the relationship of loneliness and personality in twin-family and molecular genetic data. METHOD: Phenotypic correlations between loneliness and the Big Five personality traits were estimated in 29,625 adults, and in a group with genome-wide genotype data (N=4,222), genetic correlations were obtained. We explored whether genetic correlatio...
16 CitationsSource
#1Annette Spithoven (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 5
#2Stephanie Cacioppo (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 28
Last. John T. Cacioppo (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 173
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Loneliness is a negative and distressing emotional state that arises from a discrepancy between one’s desired and achieved levels of social connectedness. The evolutionary theory of loneliness (ETL...
9 CitationsSource
#1Adam Waytz (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 33
#2John T. Cacioppo (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 173
Last. Lynn K. Paul (California Institute of Technology)H-Index: 27
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Anthropomorphism, the attribution of distinctively human mental characteristics to nonhuman animals and objects, illustrates the human propensity for extending social cognition beyond typical social targets. Yet, its processing components remain challenging to study because they are typically all engaged simultaneously. Across one pilot study and one focal study, we tested three rare people with basolateral amygdala lesions to dissociate two specific processing components: those triggered by att...
2 CitationsSource
#1Julia SealockH-Index: 7
#2Abdel AbdellaouiH-Index: 40
Last. Lea K. DavisH-Index: 32
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#1Eeske van Roekel (UMCG: University Medical Center Groningen)H-Index: 16
#2Maaike Verhagen (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 19
Last. John T. Cacioppo (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 173
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According to the differential reactivity hypothesis, lonely individuals respond differently to their environment compared to nonlonely individuals, which may sustain their loneliness levels. However, this interesting hypothesis has not yet been explored in daily life: Do lonely individuals feel lonely all the time, or do they feel more or less lonely in specific social contexts? The main aim of the present study was to test the differential reactivity hypothesis in daily life by examining in thr...
16 CitationsSource