Karim S. Kassam
Carnegie Mellon University
Systematic errorValence (psychology)Agency (philosophy)IntuitionFacilitationTop-down and bottom-up designDevelopmental psychologyForm perceptionDistressAttributionCognitive resource theoryCommitPsychologyNeuroscienceCognitionPsychometricsWork (electrical)Visual perceptionCognitive psychologyAnchoringPersonalityCognitive biasMoral psychologyPerceptionControl (management)ForeknowledgeHarmBoredomAffective forecastingHappinessEveryday lifeAngerDebiasingMEDLINEClean handsBias blind spotSadnessWorryLonelinessContext (language use)BlameSpeech recognitionContextual AssociationsSerious gameComputer gameArousalComputer scienceCommunicationGame designManagement scienceMagnetoencephalographyFundamental attribution errorCognitive neuroscience of visual object recognitionExperience sampling methodSocial psychologyCorrespondent inference theoryLow arousal theorySituational ethicsReduction (complexity)
36Publications
17H-index
2,963Citations
Publications 33
Newest
#1Carl Symborski (Leidos)H-Index: 4
#2Meg Barton (Leidos)H-Index: 2
Last. Carey K. Morewedge (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 27
view all 6 authors...
In this article, we report on a serious game development approach, characterized by combining theory-based design with an iterative development strategy guided by experimental test and evaluation. We describe two serious games that teach the mitigation of cognitive biases (human tendencies to commit systematic errors in thinking that lead to irrational judgments). Cognitive biases tend to be deeply ingrained and early attempts to reduce biases with training have met with little success. We addre...
4 CitationsSource
#1Irene ScopellitiH-Index: 8
#2H. Lauren MinH-Index: 2
Last. Carey K. MorewedgeH-Index: 27
view all 5 authors...
Across consequential attributions of attitudes, ability, emotions, and morality, people make correspondent inferences. People infer stable personality characteristics from others’ behavior, even when that behavior is caused by situational factors. We examined the structure of correspondent inferences and report the development and validation of an instrument measuring individual differences in this correspondence bias (a Neglect of External Demands scale, or “NED”). The NED is internally consist...
5 CitationsSource
#1Alycia Chin (Consumer Financial Protection Bureau)H-Index: 4
#2Amanda MarkeyH-Index: 4
Last. George Loewenstein (CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)H-Index: 144
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: We report new evidence on the emotional, demographic, and situational correlates of boredom from a rich experience sample capturing 1.1 million emotional and time-use reports from 3,867 U.S. adults. Subjects report boredom in 2.8% of the 30-min sampling periods, and 63% of participants report experiencing boredom at least once across the 10-day sampling period. We find that boredom is more likely to co-occur with negative, rather than positive, emotions, and is particularly predictive of lonel...
42 CitationsSource
#1Meg Barton (Leidos)H-Index: 3
#2Carl Symborski (SAIC: Science Applications International Corporation)H-Index: 4
Last. James H. KorrisH-Index: 4
view all 6 authors...
In the current study, a serious game was developed to address a training challenge: teaching players to recognize and mitigate their cognitive biases. Cognitive biases, which are human tendencies to commit systematic errors in thinking that lead to irrational judgments, are deeply ingrained and difficult to alter. This paper describes the theory-based approach we employed to create a game for the mitigation of cognitive biases – a challenging and abstract training topic. A cognitive bias framewo...
7 CitationsSource
#1Irene ScopellitiH-Index: 8
#2Carey K. MorewedgeH-Index: 27
Last. Karim S. KassamH-Index: 17
view all 6 authors...
Source
#1Irene Scopelliti (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 8
#2Carey K. Morewedge (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 27
Last. Karim S. KassamH-Index: 17
view all 5 authors...
Across consequential attributions of attitudes, ability, emotions, and morality, people make correspondent inferences-infer stable personality characteristics from others’ behavior, even when their behavior was caused by situational factors. We examined their structure and report the development and validation of an instrument measuring individual differences in the propensity to make correspondent inferences (the Neglect of External Demands-NED -scale). The instrument is internally consistent a...
Source
#1Irene Scopelliti (City University London)H-Index: 8
#2Carey K. Morewedge (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 27
Last. Karim S. Kassam (CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)H-Index: 17
view all 6 authors...
People exhibit a bias blind spot: they are less likely to detect bias in themselves than in others. We report the development and validation of an instrument to measure individual differences in the propensity to exhibit the bias blind spot that is unidimensional, internally consistent, has high test-retest reliability, and is discriminated from measures of intelligence, decision-making ability, and personality traits related to self-esteem, self-enhancement, and self-presentation. The scale is ...
36 CitationsSource
#1Carey K. Morewedge (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 27
#2Haewon Yoon (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 5
Last. Karim S. Kassam (CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)H-Index: 17
view all 6 authors...
From failures of intelligence analysis to misguided beliefs about vaccinations, biased judgment and decision making contributes to problems in policy, business, medicine, law, education, and private life. Early attempts to reduce decision biases with training met with little success, leading scientists and policy makers to focus on debiasing by using incentives and changes in the presentation and elicitation of decisions. We report the results of two longitudinal experiments that found medium to...
99 CitationsSource
#1Jennifer S. Lerner (Harvard University)H-Index: 40
#2Ye Li (Columbia University)H-Index: 10
Last. Karim S. Kassam (Harvard University)H-Index: 17
view all 4 authors...
A revolution in the science of emotion has emerged in recent decades, with the potential to create a paradigm shift in decision theories. The research reveals that emotions constitute potent, pervasive, predictable, sometimes harmful and sometimes beneficial drivers of decision making. Across different domains, important regularities appear in the mechanisms through which emotions influence judgments and choices. We organize and analyze what has been learned from the past 35 years of work on emo...
706 CitationsSource
#1Irene ScopellitiH-Index: 8
#2Carey K. MorewedgeH-Index: 27
Last. Karim S. KassamH-Index: 17
view all 5 authors...
We measure individual differences in the tendency to make correspondent inference, i.e., to infer stable dispositions from the behavior of others, and show their impact on blame and guilt attributions, performance evaluations, and investment decisions. Higher accessibility of situational information helps debiasing correspondent inferences.