Robert Haładaj
Medical University of Łódź
AnatomySurgeryVisual analogue scaleRandomized controlled trialCadaveric spasmPhysical therapyDissection (medical)Orbit (anatomy)Upper limbExtraocular musclesArteryMusculocutaneous nerveBrachial arterySuperior rectus muscleLevator palpebrae superioris muscleRadial arteryLateral rectus muscleMedian nerveInferior oblique muscleInferior rectus musclePlexusTendonAbducens nerveAnalgesicOculomotor nerveBrachial plexusEpineuriumTrunkMedicineBiologyCadaver
42Publications
8H-index
145Citations
Publications 42
Newest
#1Halle E.K. Burley (College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific)H-Index: 1
#2Robert Haładaj (Medical University of Łódź)H-Index: 8
Last. R. Shane TubbsH-Index: 69
view all 6 authors...
Shoulder pathology is a very common medical presentation and can be due to anatomical variations. Therefore, knowledge of variants is important for the clinician treating patients with such complaints so that misdiagnosis is minimized and iatrogenic injury prevented. A review of the literature was performed of the variant anatomy of the pectoralis minor muscle. The aim of this review is to better inform clinicians who might treat patients with shoulder pathology so that if identified, variants o...
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#1Robert Haładaj (Medical University of Łódź)H-Index: 8
#2Łukasz Olewnik (Medical University of Łódź)H-Index: 12
Last. Michał Polguj (Medical University of Łódź)H-Index: 19
view all 3 authors...
Background: This study aims to revisit the anatomy of orbital segment of the CN III. The study also involved morphometric measurements of CN III muscular branches. Detailed description of observed anatomical variations and their incidence was also included. The study supplements earlier findings with detailed observations of the neuromuscular relations. Materials and methods: The study was conducted on 52 orbits taken from 26 cadaveric heads (10 males and 16 females; Central European population)...
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#1Skyler Jenkins (St. George's University)H-Index: 2
#2Stephen J. Bordes (St. George's University)H-Index: 4
Last. R. Shane TubbsH-Index: 69
view all 9 authors...
Knowledge of potential compression sites of peripheral nerves is important to the clinician and surgeon alike. One anatomical location for potential compression of the radial nerve, which is rarely mentioned in the literature, is at the proximal humeral attachment of the lateral head of the triceps brachii at the level of the proximal spiral groove. As no anatomical studies have been devoted to this band, the present study was conducted. Ten adult fresh-frozen cadavers were dissected and the lat...
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#1Nicol Zielinska (Medical University of Łódź)H-Index: 5
#2Michał Podgórski (Memorial Hospital of South Bend)H-Index: 16
Last. Łukasz Olewnik (Medical University of Łódź)H-Index: 12
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Intervertebral disc pathology is a common disorder that can be caused by genetic, mechanical, and behavioral factors; however, it is possible to slow its progression. Although environmental and behavioral factors were previously considered to be the sole causes of intervertebral disc pathologies such as disc herniation, recent studies have shown that genetic factors also play an important role. This review compares the perception of major risk factors from the last and present centuries. It also...
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#1Łukasz Olewnik (Medical University of Łódź)H-Index: 4
#1Łukasz Olewnik (Medical University of Łódź)H-Index: 12
Last. Michał Polguj (Medical University of Łódź)H-Index: 19
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Introduction The soleus muscle (SM) is located in the superficial posterior compartment of the leg, together with the gastrocnemius muscle (GM) and plantaris muscle. There is little information on the morphological variability (pennation) of the SM. The aim of the study is to characterize the variations in the morphology of the pennation of the SM and to create the first accurate classification. Material and methods Eighty lower limbs (40 left, and 40 right) fixed in 10% formalin soluti...
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#1Edward Clarke (Medical University of Łódź)H-Index: 2
#2R S Tubbs (Tulane University)H-Index: 1
Last. Grzegorz Wysiadecki (Medical University of Łódź)H-Index: 13
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This report presents a detailed anatomical investigation of an upper limb specimen showing an atypical formation of the musculocutaneous (MCN) and median (MN) nerves. The study was refined by intraneural dissection, which supplements earlier descriptions of similar anatomical variations and allows for revision of the accepted classification. The case described in this report was an incidental finding during routine dissection of a fixed isolated upper limb. Intraneural dissection revealed partia...
1 CitationsSource
#1Bartłomiej Szewczyk (Medical University of Łódź)H-Index: 2
#2Piotr Karauda (Medical University of Łódź)H-Index: 5
Last. Michał Polguj (Medical University of Łódź)H-Index: 19
view all 9 authors...
Background: The diaphragm is supplied by the superior and inferior phrenic arteries. This present study focusses on the latter. The inferior phrenic arteries (IPA) usually originate from the abdominal aorta. The two arteries have different origins, and knowledge of these is important when performing related surgical interventions and interventional radiological procedures. The aim of this study was to identify variations in the origin of the IPA and conduct relevant morphometric analyses. Materi...
1 CitationsSource
#1Łukasz Olewnik (Medical University of Łódź)H-Index: 12
#2Piotr Karauda (Medical University of Łódź)H-Index: 5
Last. Michał Polguj (Medical University of Łódź)H-Index: 19
view all 9 authors...
Abstract Purpose The plantaris muscle is a morphologically variable structure with regard to both its origin and insertion, and the course of the tendon. We here determined the pattern of branching and distribution of intramuscular nerves of the plantaris muscle to determine its usability for autologous transplantation. No information exists on the innervation of the plantaris muscle using Sihler’s staining technique, and hence its intramuscular nerves. The main purpose of the work is to determi...
3 CitationsSource
#1Robert Haładaj (Medical University of Łódź)H-Index: 8
#2Grzegorz Wysiadecki (Medical University of Łódź)H-Index: 13
Last. R. Shane TubbsH-Index: 69
view all 3 authors...
: The latest research suggests that the abducens nerve may be divided into subbranches that reach functionally distinct zones of the lateral rectus muscle. The goal of the study was to examine this muscle's innervation, including the detailed distribution of the intramuscular subbranches of the abducens nerve. Twenty-five lateral rectus muscle specimens were harvested (with the orbital segment of the abducens nerve), fixed in 10% formalin solution, and stained with Sihler's whole mount nerve sta...
5 CitationsSource
#1Robert Haładaj (Medical University of Łódź)H-Index: 8
#2Michał Polguj (Medical University of Łódź)H-Index: 19
Last. R. Shane Tubbs (Tulane University)H-Index: 69
view all 3 authors...
A comparison of the superior and inferior rectus muscles was performed to determine whether they have similar structures and innervation attributable to their participation in the same type of, although antagonistic, eye movements. The study was conducted on 70 cadaveric hemiheads, and the anatomical variations in the superior and inferior rectus muscles were assessed. Sihler’s whole mount nerve staining technique was used on 20 isolated superior and 20 isolated inferior rectus muscle specimens ...
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